"Native American" and variations thereof (2)
James A. Landau
JJJRLandau at AOL.COM
Thu Jan 11 12:27:44 UTC 2001
It might be interesting to quote from the "Native American Grave Protection
and Repatriation Act", which is probably about as politcally correct an Act
as Congress ever passed
[following quote is from a Web site whose URL I failed to record. This may
be an earlier draft than the one enacted into law.].
Section 2 contains the following definitions:
(7) "Indian tribe" shall have the meaning given such term in section 4
of the Indian Self Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C.
(9) "Native American" means of, or relating to, a tribe, people, or
culture that is indigenous to the United States.
(10) "Native Hawaiian" means any individual who is a descendant of
the aboriginal people who, prior to 1778, occupied and exercised
sovereignty in the area that now constitutes the State of Hawaii.
(15) "tribal land" means (A) all lands within the exterior boundaries
of any Indian reservation; (B) al l dependent Indian communities; (C)
lands conveyed to, or subject to an interim conveyance of, Native
Corporations pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act; and (D)
any lands administered for the benefit of Native Hawaiians pursuant to
the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act, 1920, and section 4 of Public Law 86-3.
The words "Eskimo", "Inuit", and "Aleut" do not occur in the text. It is
interesting that the word "Indian" occurs without definition in (15) (B) when
the text could easily have been more politically correct and read "all
dependent Native American communities." Or is the Act specifically excluding
Eskimo and Native Hawaiian tribal lands from (15)(B)?
The earliest usage of "Native American" that I know of occurs in "Native
American Church", which according to the Encyclopedia Britannica (15th
edition, 1987, volume 8 page 554 article "Native American Church") took that
name in 1918.
James A. Landau
FAA Technical Center (ACT-350/BCI)
Atlantic City Airport NJ 08405 USA
P.S. I do not know why the people called "Eskimo" in the United States are
known as "Inuit" in Canada.
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