donut/doughnut effect [Fwd from Paul Frank]

Jesse Sheidlower jester at PANIX.COM
Thu Jan 24 14:01:31 UTC 2002

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From: "Paul Frank" <paulfrank at>
To: <jester at PANIX.COM>
Subject: Re:      Posting problems
Date: Thu, 24 Jan 2002 07:37:12 +0100
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Subject: donut/doughnut effect
>>From this week's Economist:

"Whilst the centre [of Birmingham, West Midlands not Alabama] has prospered,
those parts of the city that planners call the 'inner suburb' have crumbled,
leaving many stranded in the no-man's land between the booming centre and
the plush outer suburbs. Planners call this the 'doughnut effect', which
confusingly describes the opposite phenomenon to the 'donut effect' that
American planners talk of. The American donut, a sugary ring with an empty
centre, is a fine metaphor for the rich suburbs around a collapsed inner
city. The British doughnut, a lump of indifferent carbohydrate with jam in
the middle, describes rich inner-city development surrounded by acres of

Paul Frank
English translation from Chinese, German,
French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese
Cell phone: +33 681 146 755 - France
E-mail: paulfrank at

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