NYC (1870); Empire City (1832); Empire State (1833)
george.thompson at NYU.EDU
Tue Nov 12 15:32:08 UTC 2002
Barry gives us the following passage:
> April 1833, AMERICAN TURF REGISTER, pg. 418:
> Will the Old Dominion pocket this? Where are Mary Randolph,
> Goliah,Flying Dutchman, Zinganee, Trifle? and then the Empire
> state, with her Black
> Maria, O'Kelly, Medoc, Terror, Miss Mattie of New Jersey, and Mr.
The "Black Maria" referred to is probably the source of the term "black maria" meaning "paddy wagon", though this Black Maria was the daughter of a Black Maria who raced toward the end of the 1810s. But the appearances of "Black Maria" I posted here a few years ago from the mid-1830s are so far as I know still the earliest yet found.
George A. Thompson
Author of A Documentary History of "The African
Theatre", Northwestern Univ. Pr., 1998.
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