NYC (1870); Empire City (1832); Empire State (1833)

George Thompson george.thompson at NYU.EDU
Tue Nov 12 15:32:08 UTC 2002

Barry gives us the following passage:
>   April 1833, AMERICAN TURF REGISTER, pg. 418:
>   Will the Old Dominion pocket this?  Where are Mary Randolph,
> Goliah,Flying Dutchman, Zinganee, Trifle? and then the Empire
> state, with her Black
> Maria, O'Kelly, Medoc, Terror, Miss Mattie of New Jersey, and Mr.
> Craig'sstable--...

The "Black Maria" referred to is probably the source of the term "black maria" meaning "paddy wagon", though this Black Maria was the daughter of a Black Maria who raced toward the end of the 1810s.  But the appearances of "Black Maria" I posted here a few years ago from the mid-1830s are so far as I know still the earliest yet found.


George A. Thompson
Author of A Documentary History of "The African
Theatre", Northwestern Univ. Pr., 1998.

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