Fresh Air Fund (1869)
Bapopik at AOL.COM
Bapopik at AOL.COM
Wed Dec 22 14:07:09 UTC 2004
My web site had about 200 hits by 8 a.m. this morning. Have I been
advertising opn Dunkin Donuts coffee cups?
I just added "Fresh Air Fund" and I'm about to do the holiday slogan
"Remember the Neediest."
"Fresh Air Fund" clearly dates to 1869, but it appears that the Fresh Air
Fund has no idea of its own New York history. The FAF itself declares a birth
in 1877. How can this be?
6. a. Untainted, pure; hence, possessed of active properties;
invigorating, refreshing. Said esp. of air (also in attrib. phrases, as fresh-air fiend
, etc.) and water.
c1340 Cursor M. 11705 (Trin.) A welle out braste A stremes clere fresshe &
colde. 1390 _GOWER_ (http://dictionary.oed.com/help/bib/oed2-g2.html#gower)
Conf. III. 16 There sprang a welle fresh and clere. 14.. Tundale's Vis. 1071
Sum of hom thei madyn nesche As is the water that is fresche. 1535
_COVERDALE_ (http://dictionary.oed.com/help/bib/oed2-c4.html#coverdale) Ps. xxii. 1
He..ledeth me to a fresh water. 1604 _SHAKES._
(http://dictionary.oed.com/help/bib/oed2-s2.html#shakes) Oth. IV. iii. 45 The fresh Streames ran by her, and
murmur'd her moanes. 1611 Cymb. V. iii. 71 [Death] hides him in fresh Cups,
soft Beds, Sweet words. 1648 _GAGE_
(http://dictionary.oed.com/help/bib/oed2-g.html#gage) West Ind. xvii. 117 A fruit named Xocotte..it is fresh and
cooling. 1667 _MILTON_ (http://dictionary.oed.com/help/bib/oed2-m3.html#milton)
P.L. I. 771 They among fresh dews and flowers Flie to and fro. 1692 _RAY_
(http://dictionary.oed.com/help/bib/oed2-r.html#ray) Dissol. World 82 The
inferiour Air..in the Night so very fresh and cold. 1749 _BERKELEY_
(http://dictionary.oed.com/help/bib/oed2-b2.html#berkeley) Word to Wise Wks. III. 440 It takes
the peasant from his smoky cabin into the fresh air. 1828 _SCOTT_
(http://dictionary.oed.com/help/bib/oed2-s.html#scott) F.M. Perth xxxii, The desire of
fresh air..had carried her into the..garden. 1855 _BAIN_
(http://dictionary.oed.com/help/bib/oed2-b.html#bain) Senses & Int. II. ii. §7 Fresh odours..that
have an action akin to pure air. 1882 N.Y. Tribune 2 July 7/1 The work of
the Fresh Air Fund..sending children for a week or two from poor homes in
unhealthy quarters of the city to healthful villages and farms.
(_WWW.BARRYPOPIK.COM_ (http://www.BARRYPOPIK.COM) )
Did the Fresh Air Fund start in 1877, as its history says? Or in 1869?
I found that it began under William A. Muhlenberg in 1869. Dr. Muhlenberg
(see the 1898 article below, a review of his biography) appears to have been a
great citizen of New York, adding several reforms. If he deserves the "fresh
air fund" honors, he should get them.
The Fresh Air Fund is known for taking city kids out to the country. It
operates in many cities, not just New York.
In 1877, The Fresh Air Fund, an independent not-for-profit organization, was
created with one simple mission — to allow children living in disadvantaged
communities to get away from hot, noisy city streets and enjoy free summer
vacations in the country.
When The Fund began, New York City was overflowing with poor children living
in crowded tenements. Many of these youngsters were hit by a tuberculosis
epidemic, and “fresh air” was considered a cure for respiratory ailments.
125 years ago, the Reverend Willard Parsons, a minister of a small, rural
parish in Sherman, Pennsylvania, asked members of his congregation to provide
country vacations as volunteer host families for New York City’s neediest
children. This was the beginning of The Fresh Air Fund. By 1881, the work of The
Fund was expanding so rapidly that Reverend Parsons asked for and secured
support from <i>The New York Tribune</i>. By 1888, The Fund was incorporated as
“The Tribune Fresh Air Fund Aid Society.” Today, Fresh Air continues to
benefit from the support of the media with invaluable assistance from <i>The New
The Fund’s tradition of caring provides children with a much-needed respite
from the inner-city streets. Thousands of youngsters enjoy summer vacations
with volunteer hosts or attend five Fund camps in upstate New York.
The simplicity of our program is its strength. Looking back to 1877, we can
reflect on how much has changed, and how much has stayed the same. The Fund
began with a small group of youngsters heading for the country and went on to
benefit more than 1.7 million needy children.
8 June 1869, New York <i>Times</i>, pg. 4:
The proposition for a "Fresh-Air Fund," which has been started by that truly
good man, Rev. Dr. MUHLENBERG, for the purpose of procuring an occasional
Summer excursion for the very poor people of the City, ought to be carried out.
A few thousand dollars spent in this way - spent to procuring steamboats and
barges that would carry a few hundred people daily out of their vile quarters
to places where they could get a sight of green fields or a breath of the
fresh sea-breeze - would not only be a sanitary but a humane and moral
benefaction. There should be no difficulty, and no delay, in raising the necessary
2 August 1872, New York <i>Times</i>, pg. 8:
<i>First Excursion of the Poor Children of Brooklyn.</i>
The first excursion of the Brooklyn "Fresh Air Fund" took place yesterday.
It was under the auspices of the <i>Union</i>, and is pronounced to have been
a decided success.
9 April 1877, New York <i>Times</i>, pg. 5:
William Augustus Muhlenberg died at 10:20 o'clock last evening, in his
eighty-first year, after an illness of several weeks duration.
12 February 1898, New York <i>Times</i>, pg. BR111:
Dr. Muhlenberg was fifty years of age and in the full plenitude of his
powers when he came to New York City and began a work the influence of which upon
the Church at large it would be difficult to estimate. His first work was the
establishment of a free church, where rich and poor should meet upon a
common footing. In this church (Church of the Holy Communion) he out into
operation many innovations which were then looked upon askance by his fellow-clergy,
but which now are common customs. Among these may be named the first
Protestant sisterhood in America, the first Christmas tree in New York City for poor
children, boys choirs, daily services, the first fresh-air fund, and free
seats, open, with low-kneeling benches, instead of private cushioned pews.
Word Mark THE FRESH AIR FUND
Goods and Services IC 042. US 100. G & S: ELEEMOSYNARY SERVICES-NAMELY,
ADMINISTRATION OF ACTIVITIES FOR SENDING CHILDREN TO CAMP. FIRST USE: 19670500.
FIRST USE IN COMMERCE: 19670500 Mark Drawing Code (1) TYPED DRAWING Serial
Number 73048840 Filing Date April 8, 1975 Current Filing Basis 1A Original
Filing Basis 1A Registration Number 1077628 Registration Date November 15,
1977 Owner (REGISTRANT) FRESH AIR FUND, THE NOT-FOR-PROFIT CORPORATION NEW YORK
1040 AVENUE OF THE AMERICAS NEW YORK NEW YORK 10018 Attorney of Record NEIL
F MARKVA Disclaimer THE WORD "FUND" IS DISCLAIMED APART FROM THE MARK AS
SHOWN. Type of Mark SERVICE MARK Register PRINCIPAL Affidavit Text SECT 15.
SECT 8 (6-YR). Renewal 1ST RENEWAL 19980205 Live/Dead Indicator LIVE
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