Glatt Kosher (1970)
Bapopik at AOL.COM
Bapopik at AOL.COM
Sun Feb 8 01:11:01 UTC 2004
Oh, all right. I gotta do everything.
Five straight days of parking tickets. Cold. Rain. The New York Times screws me again. The Chicago Tribune won't be ready. Shoulda killed myself.
"Glatt Kosher" was in the first place I looked. Perhaps I'll look other places (JEWISH WEEK) for slightly earlier. This book cited Jeremiah J. Berman's SHEHITAH (1941), but "glatt" is not in that book.
THE BOOK OF KASHRUTH:
A TREASURY OF KOSHER FACTS AND FRAUDS
by Seymour E. Freedman
New York: Bloch Publishing
Pg. xv: Kashruth Dictionary
1. AYVER MIN HA-CHAY
12. KOSHER L'PESSACH
20. RAV HAMACHSHIR
28. TSAAR BALAY CHAYIM
31. VAAD HAKASHRUTH
32. YAYIN NESSECH
33. YOM TOV
Pg. 120: (Chapter 5--ed.)
_Glatt Kosher Meat--_
In recent years a new title--"_glatt Kosher_ meat"--has become popular among both the observant and non-observant Jews. Many have used the terminology without quite fully understanding its meaning. To some, the words "_glatt_ Kosher" have implications of a whole new set of commandments related to the Dietary Laws. This is not so. _Glatt_ Kosher is not a new law of Kashruth. The great stress upon the observant housewife to purchase only _glatt_ Kosher meats arose in recent years in the Chasidic community, particularly with the _Satmer Rebbi_, and from that vantage point spread to other Chasidic and non-Chasidic Orthodox Jews.
Pg. 125: The recent popularity of _glatt_ Kosher meat is another incident of Chasidic independence from Misnagdic practice. There are many Jews who are confused by this sudden emphasis on _glatt_ Kosher meat and consider it as if it were a whole new set of dietary requirements. The fact of the matter is that the concept of _glatt_ Kosher meat is not a new phenomenon. It is discussed in the Talmud. Clarification ofthe _glatt_ principle is as follows:
The word _glatt_ means "smooth." As is generally known, the cow eats a good portion of its daily food requirement in the field. Often the grass which it eats is mixed with foreign objects that have a tendency to puncture the lungs as they pass down the esophagus of the cow into the upper stomach. A punctured lung raises the question of Kashruth because if the puncture is such that it does not heal, then the animal is _trayfe_. The Talmud states that if the punctures of the lung are covered over with scabs, however, then the animal may be accepted as Kosher.
After an animal is slaughtered by the _shochet_, it is opened, and the _shochet_ places his hand inside the animal and feels the lungs. If he finds that scabs have formed on the lungs, he will have the lungs removed and examined or blown up so that he can test them and see if the punctures have been covered by scabs or not. If the scabs have healed the punctures of the lung, the animal is declared Kosher; if not it is declared _trayfe_. The Chasidic Satmer Rabbi and his followers recently began insisting upon _glatt_ Kosher meat, that is meat which comes from an animal whose lungs were smooth (_glatt_) and without scabs of any kind. Such choosing of _glatt_ Kosher meat only is commendable as a superpious requisite since non-_glatt_ meat is also Kosher if the scabs have sufficiently haled the punctures. However, the unfortunate aspect of this new phenomenon in Kashruth is that it has been carried to an extreme by many Orthodox Jews, who naively have come to accept only _glatt_ Kosher meat as really Kosher, and all other meats as questionable.
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