Antedating of "Chauvinism"

James Smith jsmithjamessmith at YAHOO.COM
Mon Oct 24 13:32:00 UTC 2005

What does "cornelian" mean here?  My dictionaries only
indicate it is an alternative spelling of "carnelian",
a gemstone or the color of that gemstone.

--- Fred Shapiro <fred.shapiro at YALE.EDU> wrote:

> chauvinism (OED 1870)
> 1851 _International Magazine of Literature, Science
> and Art_ 1 June 373
> ff. (American Periodical Series)  Never did the
> _chauvinism_ of this
> present time light upon a more cornelian device, but
> do you not see in it
> the theatrical affectation, the melo-dramatic
> emphasis of another race?
> Fred Shapiro
> Fred R. Shapiro                             Editor
> Associate Librarian for Collections and     YALE
>   Access and Lecturer in Legal Research     Yale
> University Press,
> Yale Law School
> forthcoming
> e-mail: fred.shapiro at

James D. SMITH                 |If history teaches anything
South SLC, UT                  |it is that we will be sued
jsmithjamessmith at     |whether we act quickly and decisively
                               |or slowly and cautiously.

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