augmented reality

Garson O'Toole adsgarsonotoole at GMAIL.COM
Wed Oct 26 04:12:25 UTC 2011

Very interesting cites, Victor. Below is an unverified snippet from
Google Books that claims the term "augmented reality" was coined in
1990. This claim is repeated in many sources and in the Wikipedia
article about augmented reality. Sometimes the 1992 date is used

Prototyping Augmented Reality
Tony Mullen - 2011 - 350 pages - Google eBook – Preview
{Begin excerpt]
The term augmented reality was coined in 1990 by Tom Caudell, a
researcher at The Boeing Company.
[End excerpt]

The earliest citation in the OED is for an article that Tom Caudell
and D. W. Mizell published in the proceedings of a 1992 conference
held in Hawaii. The Boeing project probably existed before 1992.
Hence, there may be a technical report released by Boeing to other
researchers or a grant application made to the government.

There might be an internal Boeing document describing the project. But
that might be harder to find and validate.

On Tue, Oct 25, 2011 at 9:40 PM, Victor Steinbok <aardvark66 at> wrote:
> ---------------------- Information from the mail header -----------------------
> Sender:       American Dialect Society <ADS-L at LISTSERV.UGA.EDU>
> Poster:       Victor Steinbok <aardvark66 at GMAIL.COM>
> Subject:      Re: augmented reality
> -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> Pressed Send too quickly.
> Additional source, likely before the OED earliest (1992):
> Cyberspace: first steps. Michael Benedikt. MIT Press, 1991
> Claims to have 6 pages matching "augmented reality" and shows three
> snippets, two of which have the phrase (pp. 419, 427).
> Another volume appears slightly earlier, but has an entirely different
> (non-cyber) meaning.
> Current and historical perspectives on the borderline patient. By Reuben
> Fine, Herbert S. Strean. 1989
> In fact, it does not even say "augmented reality", but rather "augmented
> 'reality value'". But this combination appears much earlier--at least
> since 1962. Some psychiatric/psychological literature used "augmented
> reality" to describe hallucinatory states.
> There is, however, a non-cyber mention of augmented reality from 1971-72
> volume (not sure which of the two years) of a journal dedicated to
> educational films. The meaning is very close.
> Sightlines, Volumes 5-6. 1971-2
> [p. 309]
>> Levels of representation from complete abstraction to "augmented"
>> reality are postulated for each of these properties, guiding
>> first-draft selection of equipment
> An identical phrase appears in another educational media journal, again
> with the volume spanning at least two years (1971-73)
> Educational broadcasting review, Volumes 6-7. 1971-3
> Other GB citations appear to be mistagged or irrelevant.
>     VS-)
> On 10/25/2011 9:21 PM, Victor Steinbok wrote:
>> A slightly different take on "augmented reality" from the OED's def
>> (from 1992):
>>> If you have a smartphone or Nintendo 3DS, you've probably played with
>>> some form of augmented reality, which superimposes graphics, words
>>> and other useful information over real-life images.
>> Compare:
>>>   augmented reality n. the use of technology which allows the
>>> perception of the physical world to be enhanced or modified by
>>> computer-generated stimuli perceived with the aid of special
>>> equipment; reality as perceived in this way.
>> It's pretty close, but with smart phones the original computer and
>> gaming phrases are evolving.
>>     VS-)
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