[Ads-l] single-origin, c. 1990 coffee, 1999 chocolate
mail.barretts at GMAIL.COM
Fri May 20 15:30:08 EDT 2016
According to Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_wave_of_coffee) the term “Third Wave” in reference to coffee was coined in 2002 by Trish R. Skeie (http://bit.ly/20gjrBL <http://bit.ly/20gjrBL>). Perhaps Skeie also coined the terms “First Wave” and “Second Wave” as well.
Wikipedia talks about “single-origin” for coffee (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Single-origin_coffee) but not chocolate. Wiktionary and the Oxford Dictionary site are silent on the term. Although there are earlier uses for “single origin” for topics such as the origins of _homo sapiens_, the meaning for coffee and chocolate is not as transparent as such scientific usage.
I have not tried to find earlier hits on blogs or webpages. All dates below are Google-dated.
1. 1967: "The United States Patents Quarterly" (http://bit.ly/1YJnQg5 <http://bit.ly/1YJnQg5>, quote from the search panel) by the Bureau of National Affairshas what appears to be a precursor to this term:
...creams and lotions are closely related products which would readily be assumed to originate with a single origin if sold under similar marks.
2. 1989: "Colloque scientifique international sur le café” (http://bit.ly/1U4m0oP) by Association scientifique internationale du café has, as a graph heading:
COFFEES FROM SINGLE ORIGIN AND BLENDED COFFEES (BREW)
Also, from the search page:
CANONICAL ANALYSIS OF PYROLYSIS-MASS SPECTROMETRY COFFEES FROM SINGLE ORIGIN AND BLENDED….
3. 1990 is the first real usage I see for this term. "Café D’Afrique” by O.I.A.C. (snippet from the search page):
Consumers are selecting special blends or single origin coffee, buying coffee makers, paper filter Systems and brewing their own coffee….
4. 1998 has four book citations:
http://bit.ly/1TpcOct <http://bit.ly/1TpcOct> (from search page: Welcome to the taste- tantalizing coffeeselections o of specialty coffees, including Single-Origin, Blends.)
5. 1999 has the first usage I see for “single-origin” with reference to chocolate. Chef Magazine, Volume 9, by Talcott Communications:
Taste the differences and allow your palate to discover the nuances of “blended" cocoa beans versus "single origin" beans.
Formerly of Seattle, WA
The American Dialect Society - http://www.americandialect.org
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