including/excluding @fp and generating new files

Brian MacWhinney macw at
Thu Dec 5 17:15:45 UTC 2002

On 12/5/02 2:57 AM, "Sophie and Yiannis Georgiou" <yiansoph at>

> Hi to all!
> I'm a new user of CLAN.
> I have used the symbol @gr after words
> that are greek (the main language of the
> transcripts is English). How do I create
> a new file for @gr to get CHECK to accept
> it as a symbol and for MLT and MLU to count
> the words?
> I'm also interested in both including them
> and excluding them. How can I get the
> programme to exclude these words?
> This also goes for the @fp symbol which I've
> used for filled pauses. How can I run MLU
> and MLT exluding these from the count?
> Sophie

Dear Sophie,

  You should use the symbol @s  for second language.  In the new XML
framework for CHAT, we have to be more restrictive about the shape of codes,
so you can't just use @gr or some extension you create.  Older versions of
CLAN allowed this using the 00depadd.cut file, but new versions do not, so
now you must use @s.
 To exclude your @s words in the various programs, you typically use the
-s"*\@s" switch which should exclude all words ending in @s.  If you want to
exclude filled pauses such as um, you should mark them as um at fp and exclude
them in a similar manner.  By default @fp and @s are included, unless you
specifically exclude them.  The rules on default exclusions in MLU are
complex and it is always best to consult the manual carefully when doing
these analyses.


More information about the Chibolts mailing list