Primary object languages & pronouns

Dan Everett dan.everett at MAN.AC.UK
Wed Apr 23 15:28:04 UTC 2003

Thanks. But it wasn't the agreement pattern that I meant to be asking
about. That pattern is well-established in work by Dryer, Van Valin &
LaPolla, and many others. In RRG it even has a name, Primary Object
agreement. But my question had to do with the prohibition of pronouns
serving as RECIPIENTS/GOALS or indirect objects (the choice between GF
labels vs. semantic role labels depends on your favorite analysis of
dative shift/anti-dative).

-- Dan

On Wednesday, April 23, 2003, at 04:21  pm, dparvaz at UNM.EDU wrote:

>> In di-transitive clauses, however, it is the RECIPIENT/GOAL which
>> triggers/governs
>> agreement on the verb.
>> [much snippage]
>> Again, does anyone know of other languages with this pattern?
> In the sign languages that I work in -- American Sign Language (ASL)
> and the Sign
> Language of Jordan -- those verbs which do have Subject/Object
> agreement, AND are
> showing a kind of ditransitive relation (like the prototype 'give')
> typically agree with
> AGENT and RECIPIENT/GOAL. These verbs typically move in space between
> their
> arguments.
> So, in ASL a verb like HIT, a citation form of which looks something
> like...
> ... (QuickTime required) starts with the "hitter" and moves to the
> "hittee" --
> definitely moving between AGENT and PATIENT. However, in the case of
> GIVE...
> ... the agreement is as you stated in your question.
> Hope this helps.
> Cheers,
> Dan.
Daniel L. Everett
Professor of Phonetics and Phonology
Department of Linguistics
University of Manchester
Manchester, UK
M13 9PL
Phone: 44-161-275-3158
Department Fax: 44-161-275-3187
'Speech is the best show man puts on' - Whorf

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