"adverbials" with accusative case
bingfu at USC.EDU
Fri Dec 11 19:26:24 UTC 1998
On Tue, 8 Dec 1998, David Gohre wrote:
> Hello Funknet. I'd like to ask if there's any sort of typological
> hierarchy for adverbials, much like there is for phonology? Analogous to:
> A language has unvoiced stops if it has voiced stops, are there
> implications for Adverbials?
> Also, on the topic of adverbials, I know that Hungarian is one example of
> a language that actually can assign accusative case to a seeming
> adverbial, barring the existence an object NP, for example the following
> gloss could occur in Hungarian.
> John worked two hours-ACC
> Is this common, or another realization of an implicational WRT adverbials?
> It seems rather reasonable from an analysis of prototypical
> V-Transitivity, but what about adverbials?
> Thanks, Funknetters.
Chinese shares the similar phenomenon.
The Chinese version of the above sentence is
John gongzuo-le liang xiaoshi
worked two hour
Many Chinese grammarians argue that 'two hours' above should
be regarded as an object.
Under the proposal by Comrie
(1987: Definite and Animate Direct Objects: A natural class.Linguistica
Silesiana 3: 13-21
1977: Subject and direct object in Uralic languages: A functional
of case-marking system.
Etudes Finno-Ougriennes 12 (Budapest: Akademiai Kiado) 5-17),
it is not suprising, since 'two hours' is an indefinite
inanimate nominal, it naturally patterns with the accusative.
As I know, in Korean, the counterpart of the above Hungarian uses
accusative for 'two hours' too.
Now, I just wonder how many languages share
If correspodences are numerous, I will make a summary.
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