Minimal vs. augmented inclusive cohortative
erdal at EM.UNI-FRANKFURT.DE
Tue Nov 27 15:44:47 UTC 2001
Turkmen distinguishes between a dual and a plural 1st person imperative,
Televizor gOr-eli is 'Let us, you and me, watch television'
Televizor gOr-eling 'Let us all watch television'.
This difference is very common in texts.
One imagines that the -ng element was taken over from the 2nd person plural,
whose suffix is -(X)ng (i.e. just -ng after vowel).
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> Von: Michael Daniel <daniel at QUB.COM>
> Antworten an: daniel at qub.com
> Datum: Mon, 26 Nov 2001 19:00:30 +0300
> An: LINGTYP at LISTSERV.LINGUISTLIST.ORG
> Betreff: Minimal vs. augmented inclusive cohortative
> Dear all,
> in most (if not all) languages there is a form or construction
> expressing exhortation to a group including the speaker himself and the
> addressee to perform an action together. Cf. English "Let's go!", French
> "Allons!" etc.
> I am looking for languages which in some way (not necessarily
> inflectional!) distinguish between exhortation towards the speaker and
> the addressee alone, on one hand, and towards the speaker, the
> addressee, and someone else, on the other. (This is sometimes called 1st
> Dual Imperative vs. 1st Plural Imperative).
> This is exemplified by Russian constructions:
> Davaj spoj-em!
> PART sing-1PL
> Let's sing! [thou and me]
> Davaj-te spoj-em
> PART-2PL sing-1PL
> Let's sing! [thou and me and one or more person more]
> I am also very interested in knowing that such and such language
> definitely _does not_ expresses this distinction in any way.
> Nina Dobrushina
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