query: lexical semantics
gil at EVA.MPG.DE
Thu Jun 20 02:46:16 UTC 2013
In English the verb "claim" has a negative counterpart "deny" that
stands in the following semantic relationship: "claim that not S" is
roughly paraphrasable as "deny that S". Similarly, "believe" has a
negative counterpart "doubt", where "believe that not S" = "doubt that S".
I am looking for a language in which a verb meaning something like "be
sure" / "be certain" also has a negative counterpart of this kind. In
other words, a language with a word X where "be sure/certain that not S"
= "X that S". (Note: I don't care whether X is a simple verb or a
complex construction combining an auxiliary or light verb with another
content word, such as English "be sure".)
Any pointers to relevant literature would also be welcome.
Department of Linguistics
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
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Email: gil at eva.mpg.de
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