[Lingtyp] coordination and predicate negation

David Gil gil at eva.mpg.de
Sat Jun 6 15:58:36 UTC 2015


Hebrew and Indonesian are two languages which have constructions of the 
form NEG V OR V, ie. like the ungrammatical Russian (2), without the 
auxiliary.

On 06/06/2015 20:33, Alexander Letuchiy wrote:
> Dear Matthew,
>
> Thanks!
>
> Sure, I also consider that the reason for English is the presence of 
> the auxiliary.
> However, what I want is to try to think of it a bit broader: is it 
> true that an English-like situation is never observed in languages 
> without an auxiliary? If yes, what does it tell us of the negation 
> syntax? If no, what is the difference between Russian and some other 
> languages where negation can be expressed once?
>
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
> From: m.baerman at surrey.ac.uk
> To: alexander_letuchiy at hotmail.com
> Subject: FW: [Lingtyp] coordination and predicate negation
> Date: Sat, 6 Jun 2015 13:18:07 +0000
>
> Hi Sasha
>
> I’m no syntactician, so forgive me for stating the obvious, but I 
> would imagine that the explanation for the English state of affairs is 
> the auxiliary, which hosts the negation. Since auxiliaries in English 
> can have multiple complements, you can get away with one auxiliary, 
> hence one negation.
>
> best
>
> Matthew
>
> *From:*Lingtyp [mailto:lingtyp-bounces at listserv.linguistlist.org] *On 
> Behalf Of *Alexander Letuchiy
> *Sent:* 06 June 2015 14:47
> *To:* lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org
> *Subject:* [Lingtyp] coordination and predicate negation
>
> Dear colleagues,
>
>
> Are you aware of any linguistic work on coordination in constructions 
> with predicate negation?
>
> One of the questions which I am interested in is why in some languages 
> (English) the negation can be expressed once (1), while in others 
> (Russian) it must be expressed twice (3), while (2) is ungrammatical:
>
> English:
>
> (1) He does not read books or watch TV.
>
> Russian:
>
> (2) *On  ne    chitaet  knigi      i /        ili smotrit     televizor
>
>       he  NEG  reads     books  and  /  or watches   TV
>
>       Intended: 'He does not read books and / or watch TV'.
>
> (3)  On  ne      chitaet   knigi   i        ne  smotrit    televizor
>
>       he  NEG   reads     books and NEG   watches   TV
>
>       'He does not read books and does not watch TV'.
>
> Thanks a lot in advance,
>
>
> Sasha Letuchiy, Moscow
>
>
>
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-- 
David Gil

Department of Linguistics
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Deutscher Platz 6, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany

Telephone: 49-341-3550321 Fax: 49-341-3550333
Email: gil at eva.mpg.de
Webpage:  http://www.eva.mpg.de/~gil/

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