[Lingtyp] fear + NEG

Anvita Abbi anvitaabbi at gmail.com
Thu Mar 19 07:51:37 UTC 2015


The Hindi sentence means He may come. I am afraid of that.
Anvita

www.andamanese.net
President: Linguistic Society of India




On Thu, Mar 19, 2015 at 1:10 PM, Hartmut Haberland <hartmut at ruc.dk> wrote:

>  I need a clarification here. The Japanese sentence can be paraphrased
> as: Something bad may have happened. I am afraid of that. But do the Hindi
> and French sentences mean: He may come. I am afraid of that. Or:  He may
> not come. I am afraid of that. ?
> It could just be a question whether the complementizer means that or if
> (like Japanese ka); the latter would require a negation that disappears
> when the complementizer is rendered by a that-like conjunction in a
> different language.
> Hartmut
>
> Sendt fra min iPhone
>
> Den 19/03/2015 kl. 08.17 skrev "Anvita Abbi" <anvitaabbi at gmail.com>:
>
>   Dear All,
> Hindi is one language with such structures. One example is given here.
> *mujhe       Dar     hai       ki           vo         aa       na
> jaye*
> 1sg.Dat     fear     AUX    COMP   3sg       come  NEG  come
> Literal: 'I am afraid that he does not come'
>
>  Anvita
>
>        Prof. Anvita Abbi
>
> Director: Centre for Oral and Tribal Literature
>
> Sahitya Akademi
>
> Rabindra Bhavan
>
> 35, Ferozeshah Road
>
> New Delhi 110 001
>  www.andamanese.net
>  President: Linguistic Society of India
>
>
>
>
> On Wed, Mar 18, 2015 at 5:09 PM, Michael Daniel <misha.daniel at gmail.com>
> wrote:
>
>> Dear all,
>>
>> below is a letter I post on behalf of Nina Dobrushina. If you have any
>> references or ideas that you could share, please send them to her:
>> nina.dobrushina at gmail.com (also in the copy above)
>>
>> Michael Daniel
>>
>> Dear all,
>>
>> could you give me hints on empirical evidence and literature about
>> languages where the predicates of fear (‘fear’, ‘to be afraid’, ‘to worry’
>> and the like) (tend to) have negation in the complement clause? I am aware
>> of Russian, French (and other Romance languages), Japanese, and some Turkic
>> languages like Kumyk. Two examples are provided below.
>>
>>
>> French:
>>
>> Je    crain-s    que    la    lettre    n’    arrive        pas
>> I    fear    COMPL    DEF    letter    NEG    come.SUBJ.3SG    NEG
>>
>> LT: 'I am afraid that the letter does not arrive'
>> (less literal 'I am afraid that the letter may not arrive')
>>
>> Japanese (example courtesy Tasaku Tsunoda):
>>
>> Nanika        waru-i        koto=ga         oki-nak-at-ta=ka
>> sinpai=da
>> something        bad-NPST    thing=NOM    happen-NEG-LINK-PST=Q
>> worried=COP.NPNST
>>
>> LT: ‘[I] am worried whether something bad did not happen.’
>> FT: ‘I am worried that something bad happened.’
>>
>> Thanks,
>>
>> Nina Dobrushina
>>
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>>
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