[Lingtyp] fear + NEG

songül gündoğdu songul.gundogdu at boun.edu.tr
Thu Mar 19 09:04:06 UTC 2015


Kurmanji Kurdish (a Northwestern Iranian language) has a similar structure,
too. Here is an example:

Ez   tırsım     ku          ew       ne-çûye               malê
  I    fear-1p   comp     s/he     neg-go.past.3p   house.OBL

"I am afraid that he did not go home. "

songul.


----
Songul Gundogdu
PhD Candidate in Linguistics
Bogazici University
Istanbul-Turkey

2015-03-19 9:16 GMT+02:00 Anvita Abbi <anvitaabbi at gmail.com>:

> Dear All,
> Hindi is one language with such structures. One example is given here.
> *mujhe       Dar     hai       ki           vo         aa       na
> jaye*
> 1sg.Dat     fear     AUX    COMP   3sg       come  NEG  come
> Literal: 'I am afraid that he does not come'
>
> Anvita
>
> Prof. Anvita Abbi
>
> Director: Centre for Oral and Tribal Literature
>
> Sahitya Akademi
>
> Rabindra Bhavan
>
> 35, Ferozeshah Road
>
> New Delhi 110 001
> www.andamanese.net
> President: Linguistic Society of India
>
>
>
>
> On Wed, Mar 18, 2015 at 5:09 PM, Michael Daniel <misha.daniel at gmail.com>
> wrote:
>
>> Dear all,
>>
>> below is a letter I post on behalf of Nina Dobrushina. If you have any
>> references or ideas that you could share, please send them to her:
>> nina.dobrushina at gmail.com (also in the copy above)
>>
>> Michael Daniel
>>
>> Dear all,
>>
>> could you give me hints on empirical evidence and literature about
>> languages where the predicates of fear (‘fear’, ‘to be afraid’, ‘to worry’
>> and the like) (tend to) have negation in the complement clause? I am aware
>> of Russian, French (and other Romance languages), Japanese, and some Turkic
>> languages like Kumyk. Two examples are provided below.
>>
>>
>> French:
>>
>> Je    crain-s    que    la    lettre    n’    arrive        pas
>> I    fear    COMPL    DEF    letter    NEG    come.SUBJ.3SG    NEG
>>
>> LT: 'I am afraid that the letter does not arrive'
>> (less literal 'I am afraid that the letter may not arrive')
>>
>> Japanese (example courtesy Tasaku Tsunoda):
>>
>> Nanika        waru-i        koto=ga         oki-nak-at-ta=ka
>> sinpai=da
>> something        bad-NPST    thing=NOM    happen-NEG-LINK-PST=Q
>> worried=COP.NPNST
>>
>> LT: ‘[I] am worried whether something bad did not happen.’
>> FT: ‘I am worried that something bad happened.’
>>
>> Thanks,
>>
>> Nina Dobrushina
>>
>> _______________________________________________
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>>
>>
>
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