[Lingtyp] Americanist contributions to typology

Martin Haspelmath haspelmath at shh.mpg.de
Mon Jul 4 01:51:30 EDT 2016


I would add "applicative" (apparently first used by Antonio del Rincón 
in 1595 with reference to Nahuatl), and "inclusive/exclusive" 
(apparently first used by Domingo de Santo Tomás in 1560 with reference 
to Quechua).

But I would say that "polysynthesis" and "incorporation" (as noted by 
Bernard Comrie) have been the most important influences of the study of 
languages of the Americas (the terms go back to Du Ponceau and Wilhelm 
von Humboldt, early 19th century). Unfortunately, however, both these 
terms have no clear definition in typology, because they rely on the 
notion of "word" (see my discussion of "incorporation" here: 
https://dlc.hypotheses.org/135). So they may not be as lasting as some 
of the others.

Martin

On 03.07.16 23:13, Eva Schultze-Berndt wrote:
> Dear David and all,
>
> My additions would be evidentiality, and lexicalization patterns.
>
> Best,
>
> Eva
>
>
>
>
> -------------------------------------------------------
> Eva Schultze-Berndt
> Professor of Linguistics
> Linguistics and English Language
> School of Arts, Languages and Cultures
> The University of Manchester
> Oxford Road
> M13 9PL
> Manchester, UK
> E-mail: eva.schultze-berndt at manchester.ac.uk
> Office NG11, Samuel Alexander Building
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
> *From:* Lingtyp [lingtyp-bounces at listserv.linguistlist.org] on behalf 
> of Bernard Comrie [comrie at linguistics.ucsb.edu]
> *Sent:* 03 July 2016 17:05
> *To:* lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org
> *Subject:* Re: [Lingtyp] Americanist contributions to typology
>
> To:David Beck
>
> Cc:LingTyp
>
> From:Bernard Comrie
>
> Date:2016 Jul 03
>
> Subj:[Lingtyp] Americanist contributions to typology
>
> Dear David:
>
> Herewith some thoughts from my own subjective perspective. I haven't 
> avoided some overlap with things that others have submitted. I'll send 
> a PS if/when more occur to me.
>
> Best,
>
> Bernard
>
> -----
>
> Alignment typology:
>
> -hierarchical alignment, including in relation to inversion
>
> -split/fluid S (and more generally semantic alignment)
>
> Reference tracking:
>
> switch-reference
>
> obviation
>
> Polysynthesis:
>
> word-sentences, but especially with many morphemes per word
>
> incorporation
>
> Internally headed relative clauses
>
> Numeral system bases
>
> 3 in Coahuiltecan
>
> 8 in Pame
>
>
> On 16/7/2 07:20, David Beck wrote:
>> Hi, everyone
>>
>> At the International Journal of American Linguistics, we’re planning a 100th anniversary issue and part of it will have a survey of developments in linguistics and typology influenced by studies of American (in the Arctic-to-Tierra-del-Fueego sense) languages. So, I thought I would do a bit of a straw poll and ask the typological community what areas they thought had been most influenced by data from American languages (rather than relying on my own narrow point of view). Thoughts?
>>
>> cheers,
>>
>> David
>> _______________________________________________
>> Lingtyp mailing list
>> Lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org
>> http://listserv.linguistlist.org/mailman/listinfo/lingtyp
>>
>> -- 
>>
>> new address -- nouvelle adresse -- neue Adresse -- новый адрес -- nueva dirección
>>
>> Bernard Comrie
>> Distinguished Professor of Linguistics, University of California Santa Barbara
>>
>> E-mail: comrie at linguistics.ucsb.edu
>> Web site:http://www.linguistics.ucsb.edu/people/bernard-comrie
>>
>> Department of Linguistics
>> University of California Santa Barbara
>> Santa Barbara, CA 93106-3100
>> USA
>>
>> fax +1 805 893 7769
>
>
> _______________________________________________
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-- 
Martin Haspelmath (haspelmath at shh.mpg.de)
Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
Kahlaische Strasse 10	
D-07745 Jena
&
Leipzig University
IPF 141199
Nikolaistrasse 6-10
D-04109 Leipzig





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