[Lingtyp] Fwd: tone alone marking plural nouns?

Alexandre Arkhipov sarkipo at yandex.ru
Wed Sep 27 06:29:20 EDT 2017


Dear Iker and all,

There is also this English article:
Hualde, J., Lujanbio, O., & Torreira, F. (2008). Lexical tone and stress 
in Goizueta Basque. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 
38(1), 1-24. doi:10.1017/S0025100308003241

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-the-international-phonetic-association/article/lexical-tone-and-stress-in-goizueta-basque/651E04A5226C7924CAA5C297EBDCE36A 


Best regards,
Alexandre

27/09/2017 10:48, Iker Salaberri пишет:
> I forward this message to Lingtyp so everyone can see it. Apologies 
> for multiple posting.
>
> Iker Salaberri
>
>
> ---------- Forwarded message ----------
> From: *Iker Salaberri* <ikersalaberri at gmail.com 
> <mailto:ikersalaberri at gmail.com>>
> Date: 27 September 2017 at 10:44
> Subject: Re: [Lingtyp] tone alone marking plural nouns?
> To: Mike Cahill <mike_cahill at sil.org <mailto:mike_cahill at sil.org>>
>
>
> Dear Mr. Cahill,
>
> Regarding your question about non-African languages that mark the 
> singular/plural distinction solely by means of tone, perhaps the 
> following data can be useful to you:
>
> One dialect of Basque, that spoken in the town of Goizueta (High 
> Navarre, in northern Spain), which belongs to the dialect group of 
> High Navarrese but is very distinct (due mostly to its use of tone, 
> which is an archaic feature inherited from older Basque), is notorious 
> for marking the singular/plural distinction solely by means of contour 
> tone in some classes of nouns. I myself am a native speaker of 
> Standard Basque (which has no tone distinctions) and have friends who 
> speak the Goizueta dialect, and I'm completely unable to tell the 
> difference between singular and plural (unless I infer from context 
> and verb agreement) when I speak with them and they use their dialect.
>
> Unfortunately, hardly any literature in English exists on this topic, 
> but there are some things in Basque. I have taken the following 
> examples from Hualde & Lujanbio (2008: 379, which I attach) i.e. the 
> paradigms for gizon ''man'' and mendi ''mountain'' (where ´ = rising 
> tone, ` = falling tone):
>
>          gizon ''man''                     mendi ''mountain''
> ABS gizóna gizònak                 mendía mendìk
> ERG gizónak gizònak               mendík mendìk
> DAT gizónari gizònari               mendíri mendìri
> COM gizónakin gizònakin        mendíkin mendìkin
>
> Kind regards,
>
> Iker Salaberri
>
>
> On 26 September 2017 at 23:39, Mike Cahill <mike_cahill at sil.org 
> <mailto:mike_cahill at sil.org>> wrote:
>
>     Hi all,
>
>     Starting with some research on marking tone in African
>     orthographies, I’ve come across 37 languages that mark the
>     singular and plural distinction of at least some of their nouns
>     solely by tone. Interestingly, in about 2/3 of these so far, the
>     plural has some sort of higher tone than the singular.
>
>     I’m looking for other examples of the same thing, particularly
>     non-African. Wayne Leman sent me some Cheyenne examples. In
>     Cheyenne, there seems no consistent pattern of either raising or
>     lowering the tone of the plural – it’s all over the place.
>
>     I’m hoping some of you know of other languages that do this kind
>     of thing. Of course, I’m not averse to hearing about African
>     languages – it may be quite possible you know of a language I
>     don’t have on my list yet. Please copy me directly
>     (mike_cahill at sil.org <mailto:mike_cahill at sil.org>) as well as the
>     list!
>
>     Mike Cahill
>
>     **************************************************************
>
>     Dr. Michael Cahill
>
>     Orthography Services Coordinator, SIL International
>
>     7500 W. Camp Wisdom Rd.
>
>     Dallas, TX 75236
>
>     USA
>
>     email: mike_cahill at sil.org <mailto:mike_cahill at sil.org>
>
>     phone: 972-708-7632 <tel:%28972%29%20708-7632>
>
>     **************************************************************
>
>
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