[Lingtyp] A sample of tonal languages?

Joo Ian ian.joo at outlook.com
Sun Jul 15 05:16:12 EDT 2018


Dear all,

Thanks to your help, I was able to create a list of 54 genealogically unrelated tonal languages, based on data accessbility.
The idea is to transcribe the Leipzig-Jakarta List morphemes of these languages and see if high or low tones appear more frequently in morphemes for certain meanings than expected. (e. g. high tones in morphemes for ‘small’)
Any comments are welcome.


Indo-European/ Eastern Panjabi [pan]
Sino-Tibetan/ Mandarin Chinese [cmn]
Atlantic-Congo/ Yoruba [yor]
Afro-Asiatic/ Somali [som]
Austroasiatic/ Vietnamese [vie]
Hmong-Mien/ Hmong Daw [mww]
Austronesian/ Cemuhî [cam]
Tai-Kadai/ Thai [tha]
Nilotic/ Luo (Kenya and Tanzania) [luo]
Mayan/Yucatec Maya [yua]
Tupian/ Mundurukú [myu]
Trans-New Guinea/ Enga [enq]
Uto-Aztecan/ Northern Tepehuan [ntp]
Huavean/ San Mateo del Mar Huave [huv]
Otomanguean/ Meqzuital Otomi [ote]
Chibchan/ Bribri [bzd]
Khoe-Kwadi/ Khoekhoe [naq]
Mpur/ Mpur [akc]
Eyak-Athabaskan/ Navajo [nav]
Kx'a/ Northwestern !Kung [vaj]
Athabaskan-Eyak-Tlingit/ Tlingit [tli]
Burushaski/ Burushaski [bsk]
Sandawe/ Sandawe [sad]
Ticuna/ Ticuna [tca]
Tucanoan/ Tucano [tuo]
Iroquoian/ Cherokee [chr]
Tuu/ East Taa [nmn]
Sepik/ Abau [aau]
Palaihnihan/ Achumawi [acw]
Algic/ Cheyenne [chy]
Andoque/ Andoque [ano]
Arawakan/ Piapoco [pio]
Bangime/ Bangime [dba]
East-Bird's Head/ Meyah [mej]
Haida/ Haida [hai]
Kadugli-Krongo/ Krongo [kgo]
Karok/ Karok [kyh]
Keresan/ Western Keres [kjq]
Kiowa-Tanoan/ Kiowa [kio]
Laal/ Laal [gdm]
Fulniô/ Fulniô [fun]
Mande/ Mende (Sierra Leone) [men]
Pirahã/ Pirahã [myp]
Muskogean/ Creek [mus]
Nadahup/ Yuhup [yab]
Nambikwaran/ Southern Nambikuára [nab]
Pano-Tacanan/ Capanahua [kaq]
Shabo/ Shabo [shf]
Shastan/ Shasta [sht]
Sko/ Skou [skv]
Takelma/ Takelma [tkm]
Mairasic/ Mairasi [zrs]
Timor-Alor-Pantar/ Abui [abz]
Boran/ Muinane [bmr]

>From Hong Kong,
Ian Joo
http://ianjoo.academia.edu

________________________________
From: matthewshku at gmail.com <matthewshku at gmail.com> on behalf of Stephen Matthews <matthews at hkucc.hku.hk>
Sent: Saturday, July 14, 2018 11:45:03 PM
To: Joo Ian
Subject: Re: [Lingtyp] A sample of tonal languages?

Hi Ian one way to do this would be to take the 100 or 200 language sample from WALS:

http://wals.info/languoid/samples/100
http://wals.info/languoid/samples/200

You could then apply the WALS coding for tone: http://wals.info/feature/13A#2/19.3/153.1
to creat a samle of tone languages. The advantage is that the sampling has been done carefully to ensure that the languages are maximally independent (espeically the 100-language sample). The disadvantage is that the 3-way coding for tone is quite crude.
Best,
Stephen




On Sat, Jul 14, 2018 at 10:39 PM, Joo Ian <ian.joo at outlook.com<mailto:ian.joo at outlook.com>> wrote:
Dear all,

As I could not find any sample of tonal languages, I am creating my own sample. The goal is to have all language genealogically distinct, and preferably areally evenly distributed as well (although I am not sure whether the areal balance is possible.)
I currently have 25 languages in my list:

Indo-European/ Eastern Panjabi [pan]
Sino-Tibetan/ Mandarin Chinese [cmn]
Atlantic-Congo/ Yoruba [yor]
Afro-Asiatic/ Somali [som]
Austroasiatic/ Vietnamese [vie]
Hmong-Mien/ Hmong Daw [mww]
Austronesian/ Cemuhî [cam]
Nilotic/ Luo (Kenya and Tanzania) [luo]
Mayan/ Yucatec Maya [yua]
Tupian/ Mundurukú [myu]
Trans-New Guinea/ Enga [enq]
Uto-Aztecan/ Northern Tepehuan [ntp]
Huavean/ San Mateo del Mar Huave [huv]
Otomanguean/ Meqzuital Otomi [ote]
Chibchan/ Bribri [bzd]
Khoe-Kwadi/ Khoekhoe [naq]
Mpur/ Mpur [akc]
Eyak-Athabaskan/ Navajo [nav]
Kx'a/ Northwestern !Kung [vaj]
Athabaskan-Eyak-Tlingit/ Tlingit [tli]
Burushaski/ Burushaski [bsk]
Sandawe/ Sandawe [sad]
Ticuna/ Ticuna [tca]
Tucanoan/ Tucano [tuo]
Iroquoian/ Cherokee [chr]

The goal is to have at least 50 languages. The purpose of making this list is to make a database of Leipzig-Jakarta List of tonal languages to see if certain tones appear more frequently in morphemes for a certain meaning (for example, high tones for ‘small’, low tones for ‘big’.).
I would greatly appreciate it if you could add any language from a different language family (or language isolate) to the list. Any comments on the list itself is welcome too.

>From Hong Kong,
Ian Joo
http://ianjoo.academia.edu


From: Joo Ian<mailto:ian.joo at outlook.com>
Sent: Friday, July 13, 2018 5:44 PM
To: lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org<mailto:lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org>
Subject: [Lingtyp] A sample of tonal languages?

Dear all,

I am wondering if there are any studies that used a sizeable sample of tonal languages, areally and genealogically controlled.

>From Hong Kong,
Ian Joo
http://ianjoo.academia.edu


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