[Lingtyp] Does bipolar polysemy exist?

David Gil gil at shh.mpg.de
Thu May 31 07:52:56 EDT 2018

On 31/05/2018 13:37, Sebastian Nordhoff wrote:
> On 05/31/2018 01:18 PM, David Gil wrote:
>> A point of logic.  "Not X" and "Antonym (X)" are distinct notions, and
>> the original query by Ian Joo pertains to the former, not the latter.
> but is there any (monomorphemic) lexeme which expresses not-X which is
> not the antonym of X?
But how many (monomorphemic) lexemes expressing not-X are there at all?  
The only ones I can think of are suppletive negative existentials, e.g. 
Tagalog "may" (exist) > "wala" (not exist). Even suppletive negative 
desideratives don't quite fit the bill, e.g. Tagalog "nais"/"gusto" 
(want) > "ayaw", which is commonly glossed as "not want", but actually 
means "want not-X", rather than "not want-X" — "ayaw" is thus an antonym 
but not a strict negation of "nais"/"gusto".

What is not clear to me about the original query is whether it is asking 
for negations or for antonyms.

David Gil

Department of Linguistic and Cultural Evolution
Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
Kahlaische Strasse 10, 07745 Jena, Germany

Email: gil at shh.mpg.de
Office Phone (Germany): +49-3641686834
Mobile Phone (Indonesia): +62-81281162816

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