[Lingtyp] Does bipolar polysemy exist?

David Gil gil at shh.mpg.de
Thu May 31 07:52:56 EDT 2018



On 31/05/2018 13:37, Sebastian Nordhoff wrote:
> On 05/31/2018 01:18 PM, David Gil wrote:
>> A point of logic.  "Not X" and "Antonym (X)" are distinct notions, and
>> the original query by Ian Joo pertains to the former, not the latter.
> but is there any (monomorphemic) lexeme which expresses not-X which is
> not the antonym of X?
But how many (monomorphemic) lexemes expressing not-X are there at all?  
The only ones I can think of are suppletive negative existentials, e.g. 
Tagalog "may" (exist) > "wala" (not exist). Even suppletive negative 
desideratives don't quite fit the bill, e.g. Tagalog "nais"/"gusto" 
(want) > "ayaw", which is commonly glossed as "not want", but actually 
means "want not-X", rather than "not want-X" — "ayaw" is thus an antonym 
but not a strict negation of "nais"/"gusto".

What is not clear to me about the original query is whether it is asking 
for negations or for antonyms.

-- 
David Gil

Department of Linguistic and Cultural Evolution
Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
Kahlaische Strasse 10, 07745 Jena, Germany

Email: gil at shh.mpg.de
Office Phone (Germany): +49-3641686834
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