[Lingtyp] Does bipolar polysemy exist?

Zygmunt Frajzyngier zygmunt.frajzyngier at colorado.edu
Thu May 31 10:23:50 EDT 2018

David, Friends
Related to David’s post, not to the original query.
In any individual language, there may exist a few of ‘Not-X’ items.
In Mina (Central Chadic) there is a noun which designates ‘non-blacksmith’.
In several Chadic languages there exist negative existential verb unrelated to the affirmative existential verb.

On 5/31/18, 5:52 AM, "Lingtyp on behalf of David Gil" <lingtyp-bounces at listserv.linguistlist.org on behalf of gil at shh.mpg.de> wrote:

    On 31/05/2018 13:37, Sebastian Nordhoff wrote:
    > On 05/31/2018 01:18 PM, David Gil wrote:
    >> A point of logic.  "Not X" and "Antonym (X)" are distinct notions, and
    >> the original query by Ian Joo pertains to the former, not the latter.
    > but is there any (monomorphemic) lexeme which expresses not-X which is
    > not the antonym of X?
    But how many (monomorphemic) lexemes expressing not-X are there at all?  
    The only ones I can think of are suppletive negative existentials, e.g. 
    Tagalog "may" (exist) > "wala" (not exist). Even suppletive negative 
    desideratives don't quite fit the bill, e.g. Tagalog "nais"/"gusto" 
    (want) > "ayaw", which is commonly glossed as "not want", but actually 
    means "want not-X", rather than "not want-X" — "ayaw" is thus an antonym 
    but not a strict negation of "nais"/"gusto".
    What is not clear to me about the original query is whether it is asking 
    for negations or for antonyms.
    David Gil
    Department of Linguistic and Cultural Evolution
    Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
    Kahlaische Strasse 10, 07745 Jena, Germany
    Email: gil at shh.mpg.de
    Office Phone (Germany): +49-3641686834
    Mobile Phone (Indonesia): +62-81281162816
    Lingtyp mailing list
    Lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org

More information about the Lingtyp mailing list