[Lingtyp] Does bipolar polysemy exist?

Zygmunt Frajzyngier zygmunt.frajzyngier at colorado.edu
Thu May 31 10:23:50 EDT 2018


David, Friends
Related to David’s post, not to the original query.
In any individual language, there may exist a few of ‘Not-X’ items.
In Mina (Central Chadic) there is a noun which designates ‘non-blacksmith’.
In several Chadic languages there exist negative existential verb unrelated to the affirmative existential verb.
Zygmunt

On 5/31/18, 5:52 AM, "Lingtyp on behalf of David Gil" <lingtyp-bounces at listserv.linguistlist.org on behalf of gil at shh.mpg.de> wrote:

    
    
    On 31/05/2018 13:37, Sebastian Nordhoff wrote:
    > On 05/31/2018 01:18 PM, David Gil wrote:
    >> A point of logic.  "Not X" and "Antonym (X)" are distinct notions, and
    >> the original query by Ian Joo pertains to the former, not the latter.
    > but is there any (monomorphemic) lexeme which expresses not-X which is
    > not the antonym of X?
    But how many (monomorphemic) lexemes expressing not-X are there at all?  
    The only ones I can think of are suppletive negative existentials, e.g. 
    Tagalog "may" (exist) > "wala" (not exist). Even suppletive negative 
    desideratives don't quite fit the bill, e.g. Tagalog "nais"/"gusto" 
    (want) > "ayaw", which is commonly glossed as "not want", but actually 
    means "want not-X", rather than "not want-X" — "ayaw" is thus an antonym 
    but not a strict negation of "nais"/"gusto".
    
    What is not clear to me about the original query is whether it is asking 
    for negations or for antonyms.
    
    -- 
    David Gil
    
    Department of Linguistic and Cultural Evolution
    Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
    Kahlaische Strasse 10, 07745 Jena, Germany
    
    Email: gil at shh.mpg.de
    Office Phone (Germany): +49-3641686834
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