[Lingtyp] Call for Papers - Workshop TypoBO 2020 (Typology in Bologna) “Comparative constructions: linguistic typology at the crossroads”
caterina.mauri at unibo.it
Wed Dec 4 13:27:08 EST 2019
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TypoBo 2020 – Typology in Bologna
Comparative constructions: linguistic typology at the crossroads
25-26 May 2020<http://airmail.calendar/2020-05-25%2012:00:00%20CEST>
Alma Mater Studiorum – University of Bologna (Italy)
Organized by Alessandra Barotto, Nicola Grandi, Simone Mattiola, Caterina Mauri (University of Bologna)
Invited speakers: Thomas Stolz (University of Bremen), Yvonne Treis (CNRS-LLACAN)
Call for Papers
Comparative constructions are a set of grammatical strategies that the languages of the world use to compare two or more items in order to highlight both differences and similarities among them (cf. Dixon 2008, Stolz 2013, Treis 2018). We can recognize different types of comparative constructions depending on the kind of relationship existing between the two (or more) items (Fuchs 2014, Treis 2018). The first relevant distinction to be made is between quantitative comparison and qualitative comparison (cf. Treis 2018: iii): quantitative comparison can be further divided into comparison of inequality (superiority, e.g. taller than, tallest, or inferiority, e.g. less tall than, least tall) or equality (e.g. as tall as), while qualitative comparison can be further distinguished into similarity (e.g. like a horse) and simulation (e.g. as if he were a horse).
The languages of the world exhibit several different formal strategies to express these functions, as argued in the typological literature (e.g. Ultan 1972, Andersen 1983, Stassen 1985, Cuzzolin & Lehmann 2004, Dixon 2008, Stolz 2013, Treis & Vanhove 2017, Treis 2018). However, we can generally identify some elements that are cross-linguistically recurrent within a comparative construction (cf. Stolz 2013: 9 and Treis 2018: ii). The comparee and the standard are the items being compared to each other, respectively, the primum comparationis (comparee) and the secundum comparationis (standard). The parameter or quality is the property on which comparee and standard are compared (tertium comparationis). The degree (or parameter) marker explicates the kind of relationship that comparee and standard have with respect to the parameter/quality (e.g. more, less, as ... as in English). Finally, the tie or standard marker is the grammatical function or relation that connects comparee, standard, and quality (e.g. than in English).
Standard markers of comparison seem to develop out of a restricted set of recurrent sources (cf. Heine & Kuteva 2002), such as verbal forms meaning ‘exceed/defeat/surpass’ (Cantonese kwo ‘surpass’ > kwo ‘than’) and interrogative adverbs (Hungarian mint ‘how’ > mint ‘than’). Furthermore, comparative constructions themselves can constitute the source for different diachronic paths, leading to subjective functions such as evidentiality (e.g. in Even ureci-n ‘like, apparently’ cf. Malchukov 2000: 461) or more intersubjective functions applying at the discourse level, leading to elements such as discourse markers (e.g. English like) and topic markers (e.g. English as for). In addition, the discourse use of comparative constructions reveals that these strategies are frequently employed in a highly creative way, taking scope over phrases other than the prototypically gradable ones (e.g. superlatives on nouns and verbs).
This workshop aims to gather scholars working on comparative constructions, both of the quantitative and qualitative types, integrating the typological perspective with complementary approaches and methodologies, including diachronic and sociolinguistic ones.
To reach this aim, we invite submissions addressing one of the following topics:
1. (i) Cross-linguistic investigations of one or more comparative constructions using data from descriptive grammars and/or corpora;
2. (ii) Language-specific descriptions of one or more comparative constructions adopting a typological perspective, taking into consideration also discourse variation;
3. (iii) Diachronic analyses (typological and/or language specific) investigating the source of one or more comparative constructions;
4. (iv) Diachronic analyses (typological and/or language specific) investigating the development of one or more comparative strategies into new constructions (e.g. evidential markers, discourse markers, etc.).
Selected papers of the workshop will be published in the newly founded, open-access journal Linguistic Typology at the Crossroads.
Anonymous abstracts should be no longer than one-page A4 (margins of 2,5 cm on each side, single- spaced lines, Times New Roman font, 12 pt. font size), with the possibility of using an additional page for examples and references. Abstracts should be written in English, with fully glossed examples conforming to the Leipzig Glossing Rules.
Submissions should be sent to typologyinbologna at gmail.com<mailto:typologyinbologna at gmail.com>
Deadline for submission: February 5<http://airmail.calendar/2020-02-05%2012:00:00%20CET>, 2020.
Notification of acceptance: March 1, 2020<http://airmail.calendar/2020-03-01%2012:00:00%20CET>.
Information and updates can be found on the TypoBO 2020 website: https://eventi.unibo.it/typobo-2020
Andersen, Paul Kent. 1983. Word Order Typology and Comparative Constructions.Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Cuzzolin, Pierluigi & Christian Lehmann. 2004. Comparison and gradation. In Geert Booij, Christian Lehmann, Joachim Mugdan & Stavros Skopeteas (eds.), Morphologie. Ein internationales Handbuch zur Flexion und Wortbildung, vol. 17.2, 1857–1882. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Dixon, R.M.W. 2008. Comparative constructions: A cross-linguistic typology. Studies in Language 32(4). 787–817.
Fuchs, Catherine. 2014. La comparaison et son expression en français. Paris: Ophrys.
Heine, Bernd & Tania Kuteva. 2002. World Lexicon of Grammaticalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Malchukov, Andrej L. 2000. Perfect, evidentiality and related categories in Tungusic languages. In Lars Johanson & Bo Utas (eds.), Evidentials: Turkic, Iranian and neighbouring languages, 441–469. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Stassen, Leon 1985. Comparison and Universal Grammar. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Stolz, Thomas 2013. Competing Comparative Constructions in Europe. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag. Treis, Yvonne & Martine Vanhove (eds). Similative and Equative Constructions. A cross-linguistic perspective. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Treis, Yvonne 2018. Comparative Constructions: An Introduction. Linguistic Discovery 16(1). i–xxvi. Ultan, Russell 1972. Some features of basic comparative constructions. Working Papers on Language Universals (Stanford) 9. 117–162.
Prof.ssa Caterina Mauri
Università di Bologna - Dipartimento di Lingue, Letterature e Culture moderne
Via Cartoleria 5, 40124 Bologna
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