[Lingtyp] Query on sentential names/Satznamen

Iker Salaberri ikersalaberri at gmail.com
Thu Jun 20 05:52:18 EDT 2019

 Dear colleagues, dear fellow typologists,

I'm currently looking for cross-linguistic data on a specific kind of name:
sentential names (SNs), a.k.a. clausal names, phrasal names and (in their
widespread German use) *Satznamen*. van Langendonck (2007: 277-278) defines
SNs as names consisting (minimally) of a verbal stem and a noun phrase (NP)
or an adverb, where the NP is either the direct object or the subject of
the verb stem. Here are some examples of SNs I have found so far:

(1) Shona (East Bantu): *Chaitamwarihachirambwi *'What God has done cannot
be rejected', from *mwari *'God' and the verb root -*it *'to do' (Mapara
2013: 103)

(2) Basque (Language isolate): *Euridakargaina *'The summit which brings
rain', from *euri *'rain' and the verb root -*kar *'to bring' (Salaberri
2008: 733)

(3) Warrongo (Pama-Nyungan): *Galonggo balban banggarra* '(The place where)
mice rolled blue tongue lizard', from *galo *'mouse' and *balba *'to roll'
(Tsunoda 2011: 22)

(4) Northwest Sahaptin (Sahaptian): *Xátkapsha *'Leans unexpectedly', from
*tkap* 'to lean' and *xa*- 'unexpectedly' (Hunn 1996: 14)

(5) Mandarin (Sino-Tibetan): *Chuán-wén* '(The one who) transmits culture',
from *chuán *'to transmit' and *wén *'culture' (Wiedenhof 2015: 92) (sorry
if the tone markers are inaccurate)

(6) Eastern Apurímac Quechua (Quechuan): *Waqcha kuyaq* '(The one who)
esteems the poor', from *waqcha *'poor' and *kuya*- 'to esteem' (Fonseca
2012: 98)

(7) German (Indo-European): *Hassdenpflug *'Hate the plow', from *hassen *'to
hate' and *Pflug *'plow/plough' (Heintze 1908: 160)

I'm writing to ask for your help in tracking down more instances of this
kind of name: I have found so far that SNs are common in (subsaharan)
Africa, North America and Europe, in decreasing order, and far less common
in Asia, Oceania and South America. That is why I would be extremely
grateful for any information on SNs in languages from Asia, Oceania and
South America. I would be very grateful for any pointers to grammars,
language descriptions or other mentions of SNs in the literature.

Fonseca, Gustavo S. 2012.* Introducción a un tesoro de nombres quechuas en
Apurímac*. Lima: Terra Nuova.
Heintze, Albert. 1908. *Die deutschen Familiennamen: Geschichtlich,
geographisch, sprachlich* (3rd edition). Halle an der Saale: Verlag der
Buchhandlung des Waisenhauses.
Hunn, Eugene. 1996. Columbia Plateau Indian place names: What can they
teach us? *Journal of Linguistic Anthropology* 6(1). 3-26.
Mapara, Jacob. 2013.* Shona sentential names: A brief overview*. Bamenda:
Langaa Research & Publishing.
van Langendonck, Willy. 2007. *Theory and typology of proper names*.
Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
Salaberri, Patxi. 2008. Satznamen direlakoen inguruan: Erlatibozko
perpausetan jatorri duten toponimoak aztergai [On so-called Satznamen:
Investigating toponyms which originate in relative clauses]. In Xabier
Artiagoitia & Joseba A. Lakarra (eds.), *Gramatika jaietan: Patxi
Goenagaren omenez*, 725-741. Bilbao/Bilbo: University of the Basque Country.
Tsunoda, Tasaku. 2011. *A grammar of Warrongo*. Berlin/Boston: Mouton de
Wiedenhof, Jeroen. 2015. *A grammar of Mandarin*. Amsterdam/Philadelphia:
John Benjamins.


Iker Salaberri
Public University of Navarre
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