9.1671, Books: Linguistic Theory/ Computational Ling

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Tue Nov 24 15:27:33 UTC 1998


LINGUIST List:  Vol-9-1671. Tue Nov 24 1998. ISSN: 1068-4875.

Subject: 9.1671, Books: Linguistic Theory/ Computational Ling

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1)
Date:  Mon, 23 Nov 1998 11:54:35 -0800
From:  Maureen Burke <mburke at tavel.stanford.edu>
Subject:  Linguistic Theory and Computational Linguistics

-------------------------------- Message 1 -------------------------------

Date:  Mon, 23 Nov 1998 11:54:35 -0800
From:  Maureen Burke <mburke at tavel.stanford.edu>
Subject:  Linguistic Theory and Computational Linguistics

Bod, Rens (University of Amsterdam); BEYOND GRAMMAR: AN
EXPERIENCE-BASED THEORY OF LANGUAGE; ISBN: 1-57586-150-X (paper),
1-57586-151-8 (cloth); 184 pp.  CSLI Publications 1998:
http://csli-www.stanford.edu/publications/ email:
pubs at roslin.stanford.edu.

	During the last few years, a new approach to linguistic
analysis has started to emerge. This approach, which has come to be
known under various labels such as "data-oriented parsing",
"corpus-based interpretation" and "treebank grammar", embodies the
assumption that human language comprehension and production works with
representations of concrete past language experiences rather than with
abstract grammatical rules. The models that instantiate this approach
operate by decomposing the given representations into fragments and
recomposing those pieces to analyze (infinitely many) new
utterances. A probability model is used to choose from the collection
of different fragments those that make up the most appropriate
representation of an utterance.

	This book shows how this general approach can apply to various
kinds of linguistic representations, ranging from phrase-structure
trees, compositional semantic representations, dialogue
representations, and lexical-functional grammar representations. The
resulting models are utilized for the automatic acquisition of
language, for harnessing ambiguity and for processing of spoken
dialogue. Experiments with these models suggest that the productive
units of natural language cannot be defined by a minimal set of rules
or principles, but need to be defined by a large, redundant set of
previously experienced structures. Bod argues that this outcome has
important consequences for linguistic theory, leading to an entirely
new view of the nature of linguistic competence and the relationship
between linguistic theory and models of performance.

*************************
CSLI Publications
Ventura Hall
Stanford University
Stanford, CA  94305-4115
Telephone (650) 723-1839
Fax (650) 725-2166
http://csli-publications.stanford.edu/


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1998 Contributors:

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Addison Wesley Longman
	http://www.awl-he.com/linguistics/
Blackwell Publishers
	http://www.blackwellpublishers.co.uk/
Cambridge University Press
	http://www.cup.org/
Edinburgh University Press
	http://www.eup.ed.ac.uk/
Garland Publishing
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Holland Academic Graphics (HAG)
	http://www.hag.nl
John Benjamins Publishing Company
	http://www.benjamins.com/
	http://www.benjamins.nl/
Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc.
	http://www.erlbaum.com/inform.htm
MIT Press (Books Division)
	http://mitpress.mit.edu/books-legacy.tcl
MIT Working Papers in Linguistics
	http://broca.mit.edu/mitwpl.web/WPLs.html
Mouton de Gruyter
	http://www.deGruyter.de/hling.html
Oxford University Press
	http://www.oup-usa.org/
Routledge
	http://www.routledge.com/
Summer Institute of Linguistics
	http://www.sil.org/

Other Supporting Publishers:

Anthropological Linguistics
	http://www.indiana.edu/~anthling
Cascadilla Press:
        http://www.cascadilla.com/
Cassells
CSLI Publications:
	http://csli-www.stanford.edu/publications/
Finno-Ugrian Society
	http://www.helsinki.fi/jarj.sus
Francais Practique
	http://www.pratique.fr/
Hermes
        http://www.editions-hermes.fr
Lodz University, Department of English Language
Pacific Linguistics
Torino, Rosenberge & Sellier
Utrech Institute of Linguistics	


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