10.783, Books: Aspect and Voice

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Fri May 21 02:11:06 UTC 1999


LINGUIST List:  Vol-10-783. Thu May 20 1999. ISSN: 1068-4875.

Subject: 10.783, Books: Aspect and Voice

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1)
Date:  Tue, 11 May 1999 17:59:18 +0200
From:  LINCOM.EUROPA at t-online.de (LINCOM EUROPA)
Subject:  Interaction Between Aspect and Voice in Russian

2)
Date:  Fri, 14 May 1999 12:00:16 +0200
From:  LINCOM.EUROPA at t-online.de (LINCOM EUROPA)
Subject:  Verb Semantics, Diathesis and Aspect

-------------------------------- Message 1 -------------------------------

Date:  Tue, 11 May 1999 17:59:18 +0200
From:  LINCOM.EUROPA at t-online.de (LINCOM EUROPA)
Subject:  Interaction Between Aspect and Voice in Russian

INTERACTION BETWEEN ASPECT AND VOICE IN RUSSIAN
Youri A. Poupynin, Institute of Linguistic Studies, St.Petersburg
	
	The Russian linguistics is gradually concentrated on the analysis of
the Russian verb categories as a certain system. The study  of  the
tense and the  aspect  in  their  connection already became traditional.
The present work aims  especially  to research  the Russian aspect and
voice in  the  mutual connections.  The  book contains three parts. The
interrelation of  the  aspect  and  the voice in the grammatical system
of Russian  (i.e.  in  the  verb paradigm) is to be considered in  the
first  part  "Towards  the problem of connections  of grammatical
categories:  aspect  and voice". The first part includes the following
chapters:  "Aspect and  voice  in  the hierarchy  of  Russian  verbal
categories", "Symmetry and asymmetry  in  the  paradigmatic
intersection  of  aspect and voice", "Connections between the
terminativity and the transitivity", "A field approach in the study of
connections  of grammatical categories".
   The  second  and  the  third  parts   are   devoted   to   the
functional-semantic interaction of the aspect and the voice.  The
following approach to prove the  functional-semantic interaction of
grammatical categories is proposed in the book: one of the two given
categories has to  be  treated  as  a  source  of semantic backgrounds
whereas the second category has to be treated  as  a source of the
semantic functions. The  fact  of  the interaction would be established
if the  semantic  functions  of the  second category change (are
restricted, specified, expanded etc.)  going through a certain semantic
background represented of  the  first category. The high syntactic
significance of the voice  makes  it to be considered as a source of the
semantic backgrounds  (active and passive) and, accordingly, the aspect
has to be considered as a source of the semantic functions.
  The second part deals with the imperfective functions  on  the
passive  and  active  background.   Because   in   many Russian
aspectological studies the semantic functions of the imperfective and
the perfective are mainly  illuminated  on  the  material  of active
forms, the special attention is given  to  functioning  of passive
forms, while examples with the active forms are attracted for the
contrastive analysis. The second part  includes chapters devoted to
specific features of the particular  meanings of  the imperfective
aspect in the passive voice: meaning of the process, iterative meaning,
qualitative meaning etc.
   The third part includes chapters contained the  study  of  the
specific features of the particulars meanings of  the  perfective aspect
in the passive voice:  meaning  of  the  completed  event, meaning  of
the  "vivid  exemplification",  summative meaning. Restriction or
expansion  of  different  aspectual functions  in passive constructions
(in comparison with  active constructions) are especially noted and
discussed.

ISBN 3 89586 056 5.
LINCOM Studies in Slavic Linguistics 02.
200pp. USD 67 / DM 94 / \163 37.50.

Info: LINCOM EUROPA, Paul-Preuss-Str. 25, D-80995 Muenchen, Germany;
FAX : +49 89 3148909;
LINCOM.EUROPA at t-online.de;
http://home.t-online.de/home/LINCOM.EUROPA


-------------------------------- Message 2 -------------------------------

Date:  Fri, 14 May 1999 12:00:16 +0200
From:  LINCOM.EUROPA at t-online.de (LINCOM EUROPA)
Subject:  Verb Semantics, Diathesis and Aspect

VERB SEMANTICS, DIATHESIS AND ASPECT
Mila Dimitrova-Vulchanova, NTNU, Trondheim

This work addresses issues of the interface between the lexical
specification of verbs and the level of Morpho-syntactic structure and
verbal Aspect. The main claim is that the properties of constructions
are largely predictable from the semantic properties of the head verb.
This claim also extends to predictions concerning the aspectual
properties of constructions. The languages on which this study is based
include Germanic (English, Norwegian and German) and Slavic (Bulgarian
and Russian). The analysis is carried out within a framework of grammar
called 'The Sign Model', currently under development. The discussion
focuses on a number of aspectual processes attested cross-linguistically
and the problems they pose for a unified treatment. In the course of
presentation an illustration is given of the systematic interrelation
between the morpho-syntactic realization of constructions and their
aspectual properties. While providing a discussion of the relevant
existing proposals for the treatment of Aspect (Aspectuality) in view of
the syntactic properties of constructions, the work also indicates a
system geared towards a unified analysis.
	A considerable part of the book is devoted to the implementation of the
Sign Model to the analysis of passive constructions based on a notional
definition of PASSIVE. A number of construction types
cross-linguistically are matched against this definition, such as
middles in English, impersonals in Germanic, and the Bulgarian
constructions involving the reflexive clitic se. An attempt is made at
defining the constraints for each of the above construction types which
arise from the lexical specification of the head verbs. The book also
includes a proposal concerning the aspectual properties of passives and
the role palyed by passive morphology in aspect construal.

ISBN 3 89586 572 9.
LINCOM Studies in Theoretical Linguistics 08.
Ca. 200 pp. USD 68 / DM 102 / pound sterling 38.

Info: LINCOM EUROPA, Paul-Preuss-Str. 25, D-80995 Muenchen, Germany; FAX
+49 89 3148909; http://home.t-online.de/home/LINCOM.EUROPA;
LINCOM.EUROPA at t-online.de.


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