14.438, Qs: Weak Crossover Effect, Similes

LINGUIST List linguist at linguistlist.org
Thu Feb 13 19:31:01 UTC 2003


LINGUIST List:  Vol-14-438. Thu Feb 13 2003. ISSN: 1068-4875.

Subject: 14.438, Qs: Weak Crossover Effect, Similes

Moderators: Anthony Aristar, Wayne State U.<aristar at linguistlist.org>
            Helen Dry, Eastern Michigan U. <hdry at linguistlist.org>

Reviews (reviews at linguistlist.org):
	Simin Karimi, U. of Arizona
	Terence Langendoen, U. of Arizona

Home Page:  http://linguistlist.org/

The LINGUIST List is funded by Eastern Michigan University, Wayne
State University, and donations from subscribers and publishers.

Editor for this issue: Naomi Fox <fox at linguistlist.org>
 ==========================================================================

We'd like to remind readers that the responses to queries are usually
best posted to the individual asking the question. That individual is
then strongly encouraged to post a summary to the list. This policy was
instituted to help control the huge volume of mail on LINGUIST; so we
would appreciate your cooperating with it whenever it seems appropriate.

In addition to posting a summary, we'd like to remind people that it
is usually a good idea to personally thank those individuals who have
taken the trouble to respond to the query.

To post to LINGUIST, use our convenient web form at
http://linguistlist.org/LL/posttolinguist.html.

=================================Directory=================================

1)
Date:  Wed, 12 Feb 2003 02:36:43 +0000
From:  Toru  Ishii <tishii at kisc.meiji.ac.jp>
Subject:  Weak Crossover

2)
Date:  Wed, 12 Feb 2003 19:30:26 +0000
From:  "Joseph T.  Farquharson" <jtfarquharson at yahoo.com>
Subject:  Linguistic Research on Similes

-------------------------------- Message 1 -------------------------------

Date:  Wed, 12 Feb 2003 02:36:43 +0000
From:  Toru  Ishii <tishii at kisc.meiji.ac.jp>
Subject:  Weak Crossover

Dear Linguists,

The following examples show the typical Weak Crossover (WCO) Effects,
where the pronoun ''his'' cannot be interpreted as a variable bound by
''who(m)''

(1)  a.*?Who(m) do you think that his teacher scolded [t] in
         yesterday's geology class?  (who(m)=his)
     b.*?Who(m) does his teacher think that Mary scolded [t]
         in yesterday's geology class?  (who(m)=his)

But, Mahajan (1992) observes the following contrast in acceptability
regarding the WCO effects with Topicalization.  In (2b), where the
pronoun ''his'' is in the matrix clause, the WCO effects emerge.  In
(2a), where ''his'' is in the embedded clause, the WCO effects are
canceled:

(2)  a.   John, I think that his mother likes [t].  (John=his)
     b.???John, his mother thinks that Mary likes [t].
         (John=his)

Then, I'd like to know whether the same contrast can be observed with
movement of a wh-phrase of ''which-N'' type (so called ''D-linked''
wh-phrases).  Like in (2), is there any contrast whatsoever in
acceptability between (3a) and (3b) under the reading ''which
student'' = ''his''?:

(3)  (Among the students in this classroom:)
     a.  Which student do you think that his teacher scolded
         [t] in yesterday's geology class?
         (which student=his)
     b.  Which student does his teacher think that Mary
         scolded [t] in yesterday's geology class?
         (which student=his)

If you find a contrast in (3), can you see the same contrast in (4),
where the moved wh-phrase ''which student'' is not the object of a
verb, but the object of a preposition.  Is there any contrast in
acceptability between (4a) and (4b) under the reading ''which
student''=''his''?:

(4)  (Among the students in this classroom:)
     a.  Which student do you think that his teacher will
         present a special prize to [t] this semester?
         (which student=his)
     b.  Which student does his classmate think that the
         teacher will give a special prize to [t] this
         semester?  (which student=his)

I'll post a summary if I have enough response.  Thanks.

Toru Ishii
Meiji University, Tokyo, JAPAN

Subject-Language: English; Code: ENG


-------------------------------- Message 2 -------------------------------

Date:  Wed, 12 Feb 2003 19:30:26 +0000
From:  "Joseph T.  Farquharson" <jtfarquharson at yahoo.com>
Subject:  Linguistic Research on Similes

I am aware of numerous studies on metaphors especially within the
sub-field called Philosophy of Language(e.g. Lycan [1999]; Moran
[2000]) plus the works of Goodman, Davidson, Searle and
Black. However, I am trying to locate linguistic studies on similes of
these exist. The only time I have seen similes treated is in relation
to metaphors. Does anyone know of any research which deals focuses on
similes.

I would be most grateful for the assistance.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------
LINGUIST List: Vol-14-438



More information about the Linguist mailing list