14.891, Diss: Phonology: Makashay "Individual..."

LINGUIST List linguist at linguistlist.org
Thu Mar 27 16:27:21 UTC 2003


LINGUIST List:  Vol-14-891. Thu Mar 27 2003. ISSN: 1068-4875.

Subject: 14.891, Diss: Phonology: Makashay "Individual..."

Moderators: Anthony Aristar, Wayne State U.<aristar at linguistlist.org>
            Helen Dry, Eastern Michigan U. <hdry at linguistlist.org>

Reviews (reviews at linguistlist.org):
	Simin Karimi, U. of Arizona
	Terence Langendoen, U. of Arizona

Home Page:  http://linguistlist.org/

The LINGUIST List is funded by Eastern Michigan University, Wayne
State University, and donations from subscribers and publishers.

Editor for this issue: Anita Yahui Huang <anita at linguistlist.org>
 ==========================================================================
FUND DRIVE 2003

To give you an incentive to donate, many of our Supporting Publishers
have generously donated some amazing linguistic prizes. As a donor you
are automatically entered into this prize draw. To find out what's on
offer and the rules etc., visit:

http://linguistlist.org/prizedraw.html

We still have a long way to go, however, to reach our target of
$50,000. Please make a donation at:

http://linguistlist.org/donation.html

The LINGUIST List depends on the generous contributions from
subscribers like you; we would not be able to operate without your
help.

The moderators, staff, and student editors at LINGUIST would like to
take this opportunity to thank you for your continuous support.

To post to LINGUIST, use our convenient web form at
http://linguistlist.org/LL/posttolinguist.html.
=================================Directory=================================

1)
Date:  Wed, 26 Mar 2003 15:11:16 +0000
From:  makashay at ling.ohio-state.edu
Subject:  Phonology: Makashay "Individual differences in speech..."

-------------------------------- Message 1 -------------------------------

Date:  Wed, 26 Mar 2003 15:11:16 +0000
From:  makashay at ling.ohio-state.edu
Subject:  Phonology: Makashay "Individual differences in speech..."



Institution: Ohio State University
Program: Department of Linguistics
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2003

Author: Matthew Joel Makashay

Dissertation Title:

Individual differences in speech and non-speech perception of
frequency and duration


Linguistic Field: Phonology, Phonetics, Historical Linguistics

Subject Language: English (code: 1738)

Dissertation Director 1: Keith Johnson
Dissertation Director 2: Mary E. Beckman
Dissertation Director 3: Robert A. Fox


Dissertation Abstract:

This dissertation investigates whether there are systematic individual
differences in the perceptual weighting of frequency and duration
speech cues for vowels and fricatives (and their non-speech analogues)
among a dialectally homogeneous group of speakers.  Many of the
previous studies on individual differences have failed to control for
the dialects of the subjects, which suggests that any individual
differences that were found may be dialectal.  Dialect production and
perception tasks were included in this study to help ensure that
subjects are not from dissimilar dialects.  The main task for
listeners was AX discrimination for four separate types of stimuli:
sine wave vowels, narrowband fricatives, synthetic vowels, and
synthetic fricatives.  Vowel stimuli were based on the manipulation of
duration and frequency of F1 for the vowels in "heed" and "hid", while
fricative stimuli were based on the manipulation of the fifth
frequency centroid of the fricatives in "bath" and "bass".
Multidimensional scaling results indicate that there are subgroups
within a dialect that attend to frequency and duration differently,
and that not all listeners use these cues consistently across
dissimilar phones.  Results of this study will be relevant to the
fields of perception, feature phonology, dialectology, and language
change.  If subgroups can have different perceptions of speech (but
similar productions), this questions what is needed to classify
dialect continua, and the ratios of these subgroups changing over time
can explain some language mergers and shifts.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------
LINGUIST List: Vol-14-891



More information about the Linguist mailing list