15.3523, Qs: IPA in Textbooks; Use of 'Substitute'

LINGUIST List linguist at linguistlist.org
Sat Dec 18 18:23:50 UTC 2004


LINGUIST List: Vol-15-3523. Sat Dec 18 2004. ISSN: 1068 - 4875.

Subject: 15.3523, Qs: IPA in Textbooks; Use of 'Substitute'

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===========================Directory==============================

1)
Date: 17-Dec-2004
From: Caitlin McIntyre < caitlin.mcintyre at thomson.com >
Subject: IPA in Textbooks

2)
Date: 17-Dec-2004
From: David Denison < d.denison at manchester.ac.uk >
Subject: Use of 'Substitute'


-------------------------Message 1 ----------------------------------
Date: Sat, 18 Dec 2004 13:19:43
From: Caitlin McIntyre < caitlin.mcintyre at thomson.com >
Subject: IPA in Textbooks


For professors and teachers of Spanish Phonetics and Phonology: I work in
Spanish textbook editorial and currently am focusing on a Spanish Phonetics
and Phonology that does not introduce IPA until more than halfway through
the book - leaving explanations on word structure, syllable structure, and
tone (not to mention all preliminary/introductory and general overview
chapters) written in standard orthography.  Particularly for syllable work,
I find this odd.  Would any professor feel comfortable with or desire to
teach from a text that approached topics in this sequence, also allowing
students to complete exercises and activities for tones and syllables not
using IPA?  As a linguist, it strikes me as different and I was seeking an
academic opinion on this.  Thank you.

Linguistic Field(s): Phonetics
                     Phonology




-------------------------Message 2 ----------------------------------
Date: Sat, 18 Dec 2004 13:19:45
From: David Denison < d.denison at manchester.ac.uk >
Subject: Use of 'Substitute'



I'm just tidying up a paper (draft available on
http://ling.man.ac.uk/Info/staff/dd/) on the reversal of _substitute_,
which in British English is moving rapidly from the subcategorisation

(1) substitute new for old

towards

(2) substitute old for new

- a switch which raises some interesting questions. I've got one passive
example from the American National Corpus whose interpretation isn't 100%
clear to me. Could a native speaker of American football English give me
the sports-language-for-dummies version, assuming complete ignorance of the
setup and the jargon?

(3) Non-specialists only can be substituted out of the lineup once per
quarter, meaning two-way players can expect to be on the field upward of 45
to 50 minutes of a 60-minute game. (ANC, NYTimes)

In particular, what does ''out of the lineup'' mean? - that the coach can
take non-specialist players off the bench and send them out onto the field,
or that he can bring them off the field, or perhaps that he can bring them
off the field and replace them by others waiting to come on?  And whatever
it means, does example (3) represent normal usage in context?  Many thanks.

Linguistic Field(s): Historical Linguistics
                     Semantics






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