18.1316, Diss: Neuroling: Garraffa: 'Impoverishment of Grammatical Features...'

LINGUIST Network linguist at LINGUISTLIST.ORG
Wed May 2 15:53:35 UTC 2007


LINGUIST List: Vol-18-1316. Wed May 02 2007. ISSN: 1068 - 4875.

Subject: 18.1316, Diss: Neuroling: Garraffa: 'Impoverishment of Grammatical Features...'

Moderators: Anthony Aristar, Eastern Michigan U <aristar at linguistlist.org>
            Helen Aristar-Dry, Eastern Michigan U <hdry at linguistlist.org>
 
Reviews: Laura Welcher, Rosetta Project  
       <reviews at linguistlist.org> 

Homepage: http://linguistlist.org/

The LINGUIST List is funded by Eastern Michigan University, 
and donations from subscribers and publishers.

Editor for this issue: Hunter Lockwood <hunter at linguistlist.org>
================================================================  

To post to LINGUIST, use our convenient web form at
http://linguistlist.org/LL/posttolinguist.html.

===========================Directory==============================  

1)
Date: 01-May-2007
From: Maria Garraffa < garraffa at unisi.it >
Subject: Impoverishment of Grammatical Features in a Non-Fluent Aphasic Speaker: The grammatical nature of minimal structures

 

	
-------------------------Message 1 ---------------------------------- 
Date: Wed, 02 May 2007 11:48:48
From: Maria Garraffa < garraffa at unisi.it >
Subject: Impoverishment of Grammatical Features in a Non-Fluent Aphasic Speaker: The grammatical nature of minimal structures 
 


Institution: University of Siena 
Program: Cognitive Science 
Dissertation Status: Completed 
Degree Date: 2007 

Author: Maria Garraffa

Dissertation Title: Impoverishment of Grammatical Features in a Non-Fluent
Aphasic Speaker: The grammatical nature of minimal
structures 

Dissertation URL:  www.ciscl.unisi.it

Linguistic Field(s): Neurolinguistics


Dissertation Director(s):
Adriana Belletti
Naama Friedmann
Luigi Rizzi

Dissertation Abstract:

The present study is an examination of an Italian aphasic speaker (M.R.)
with non-fluent speech following a focal lesion in the left hemisphere. We
develop an explanation of M.R.'s language impairment compatible with
theories of generative syntax and with some observations on parsing
strategies. The explanatory framework we adopt considers the grammar to be
an integral part of on-line language processing. 

A series of experiments was run across modalities (production,
comprehension and grammaticality judgment), with the aim of defining
impaired linguistic structures grammatically. Results of the various
experiments show selective impairment in some selective configurations
involving object movement in relative clauses, in Wh-questions and in
clitic object constructions.

Comprehension deficit of non-canonical sentences has been attested since
Caramazza and Zurif's seminal work (1976). In the present case-study a
similar subject/object asymmetry emerges from interrogative sentence
production, which has been found to be selectively impaired for object
movement of animate arguments. Some interesting data was obtained testing
attraction effects with clitics and prepositional modifiers. M.R. does not
manifest attraction effects if a clitic object is a potential intervener of
the relevant agreement relation; prepositional modifiers induce significant
attraction effects. We will speculate on these effects has precise
phenomena related to syntactic conditions on minimal structures.

This case study lends support to the hypothesis that the present linguistic
deficit is an impoverishment of procedural capacities. This impoverishment
is grammatically driven, and it manifests itself in reduced syntactic
structures. M.R.'s linguistic competence is not different to a non-impaired
grammatical system. M.R. has the capacity to analyse sentences respecting
syntactic phrase structures but not in the way normal speakers do.
Crucially, this approach to aphasia does not assume the existence of a
specific grammatical deficit, as the so-called agrammatism. 





-----------------------------------------------------------
LINGUIST List: Vol-18-1316	

	



More information about the Linguist mailing list