23.1693, Diss: Chinese/Historical Ling/Pragmatics/Syntax: LaPolla: 'Grammatical Relations in Chinese: Synchronic and diachronic considerations'

linguist at linguistlist.org linguist at linguistlist.org
Mon Apr 2 18:02:17 UTC 2012


LINGUIST List: Vol-23-1693. Mon Apr 02 2012. ISSN: 1069 - 4875.

Subject: 23.1693, Diss: Chinese/Historical Ling/Pragmatics/Syntax: LaPolla: 'Grammatical Relations in Chinese: Synchronic and diachronic considerations'

Moderators: Anthony Aristar, Eastern Michigan U <aristar at linguistlist.org>
            Helen Aristar-Dry, Eastern Michigan U <hdry at linguistlist.org>

Reviews: Veronika Drake, U of Wisconsin-Madison
Monica Macaulay, U of Wisconsin-Madison
Rajiv Rao, U of Wisconsin-Madison
Joseph Salmons, U of Wisconsin-Madison
Anja Wanner, U of Wisconsin-Madison
       <reviews at linguistlist.org>

Homepage: http://linguistlist.org

The LINGUIST List is a non-profit organization dedicated to providing the
discipline of linguistics with the infrastructure necessary to function in
the digital world. Donate to keep our services freely available!
https://linguistlist.org/donation/donate/donate1.cfm

Editor for this issue: Xiyan Wang <xiyan at linguistlist.org>
================================================================  

Visit LL's Multitree project for over 1000 trees dynamically generated
from scholarly hypotheses about language relationships:
          http://multitree.linguistlist.org/
					
					
To post to LINGUIST, use our convenient web form at
http://linguistlist.org/LL/posttolinguist.cfm.


Date: Mon, 02 Apr 2012 14:01:52
From: Randy LaPolla [randy.lapolla at gmail.com]
Subject: Grammatical Relations in Chinese: Synchronic and diachronic considerations

E-mail this message to a friend:
http://linguistlist.org/issues/emailmessage/verification.cfm?iss=23-1693.html&submissionid=4543566&topicid=14&msgnumber=1
 
Institution: University of California, Berkeley 
Program: Department of Linguistics 
Dissertation Status: Completed 
Degree Date: 1990 

Author: Randy J. LaPolla

Dissertation Title: Grammatical Relations in Chinese: Synchronic and diachronic 
considerations 

Dissertation URL:  http://victoria.linguistlist.org/~lapolla//rjlapolla/papers/LaPolla_Dissertation.pdf

Linguistic Field(s): Historical Linguistics
                     Pragmatics
                     Syntax
                     Typology

Subject Language(s): Chinese, Mandarin (cmn)

Language Family(ies): Sino-Tibetan


Dissertation Director(s):
Robert D Van Valin
James A. Matisoff
Johanna Nichols

Dissertation Abstract:

The bulk of this dissertation is an analysis of grammatical relations (including syntactic, pragmatic, and semantic relations) in Modern Mandarin Chinese.  In Chapter I the background, functional framework, and concepts used in the dissertation are introduced.  In Chapter II it is shown that Chinese has not grammaticalized the syntactic functions 'subject' and 'object', and has no syntactic function-changing passive construction.  In Chapter III the nature of word order and its relationship to information structure in Chinese is examined.  It is argued that word order in Chinese does not mark 'definite' and 'indefinite' NPs, as is commonly assumed, but marks information structure.  A number of marked focus structure constructions are also discussed.  In Chapter IV the discussion is of the structure of Chinese discourse, developed from an analysis of the nature of discourse referent tracking.  It is shown that recovery of anaphora is not based on syntactic functions, but is based on real world knowledge (semantics and pragmatics) and discourse structure.  Chapter V gives the conclusions, followed by a discussion of some of the diachronic considerations that arose in the course of this investigation.  It is suggested that
within Sino-Tibetan, Chinese should be seen as an innovator in terms of word order, and that grammatical relations in Proto-Sino-Tibetan should be seen to be pragmatically based rather than syntactically based. 






------------------------------------------------------------------------------
This Year the LINGUIST List hopes to raise $67,000. This money will go to help 
keep the List running by supporting all of our Student Editors for the coming
year.

See below for donation instructions, and don't forget to check out Fund 
Drive 2012 site!

http://linguistlist.org/fund-drive/2012/

There are many ways to donate to LINGUIST!

You can donate right now using our secure credit card form at  
https://linguistlist.org/donation/donate/donate1.cfm

Alternatively you can also pledge right now and pay later. To do so, go to: 
https://linguistlist.org/donation/pledge/pledge1.cfm

For all information on donating and pledging, including information on how to 
donate by check, money order, or wire transfer, please visit: 
http://linguistlist.org/donation/

The LINGUIST List is under the umbrella of Eastern Michigan University and as 
such can receive donations through the EMU Foundation, which is a registered 
501(c) Non Profit organization. Our Federal Tax number is 38-6005986. These 
donations can be offset against your federal and sometimes your state tax
return (U.S. tax payers only). For more information visit the IRS Web-Site,
or contact your financial advisor.

Many companies also offer a gift matching program, such that they will match 
any gift you make to a non-profit organization. Normally this entails your 
contacting your human resources department and sending us a form that the 
EMU Foundation fills in and returns to your employer. This is generally a
simple administrative procedure that doubles the value of your gift to
LINGUIST, without costing you an extra penny. Please take a moment to check if
your company operates such a program.

Thank you very much for your support of LINGUIST!
 


----------------------------------------------------------
LINGUIST List: Vol-23-1693	
----------------------------------------------------------
Visit LL's Multitree project for over 1000 trees dynamically generated
from scholarly hypotheses about language relationships:
          http://multitree.linguistlist.org/
					
					



More information about the Linguist mailing list