23.450, Books: Semantics/Syntax/Typology: Mache

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LINGUIST List: Vol-23-450. Sun Jan 29 2012. ISSN: 1069 - 4875.

Subject: 23.450, Books: Semantics/Syntax/Typology: Mache

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1)
Date: 26-Jan-2012
From: Ulrich Lueders [lincom.europa at t-online.de]
Subject: Numeral Classifiers in Persian: Mache


-------------------------Message 1 ---------------------------------- 
Date: Sun, 29 Jan 2012 17:26:16
From: Ulrich Lueders [lincom.europa at t-online.de]
Subject: Numeral Classifiers in Persian: Mache

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Title: Numeral Classifiers in Persian 
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Language Typology 22  

Publication Year: 2012 
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
	   http://www.lincom.eu
	

Book URL: http://lincom-shop.eu 


Author: Avazeh Mache

Paperback: ISBN:  9783862882816 Pages: 223 Price: Europe EURO 65.80


Abstract:

Persian makes use of so-called numeral classifiers. This word class occurs 
in a tripartite numeral classifier phrase comprised of a numeral, the classifier 
and a noun. In studies of Persian grammar, neither the types nor the 
characteristics of the word class have been examined. By means of a 
corpus-based analysis, this study aims to describe the types of numeral 
classifiers found in Persian and to compose an inventory of each type. It also 
investigates the nature of the word class as well as its syntactic, semantic 
and functional behavior. In providing a lucid account of the characteristics of 
numeral classifiers, basic linguistic theory is applied as a theoretical 
framework. 

Numeral classifiers occur quite frequently in both formal and colloquial 
language use. However, not every noun can be associated with a numeral 
classifier. There are nouns that do not take any classifier whereas other 
nouns require the use of specific classifiers when counted. Furthermore, the 
usage of numeral classifiers is optional in Persian, although there are 
constructions in which the use of a numeral classifier appears to be 
obligatory. Moreover, the exact number of numeral classifiers in Persian is 
difficult to estimate. It has been conjectured that there are anywhere between 
a few dozen to one hundred such classifiers in Persian. Some of them have 
very specialized uses or are archaic and only a few classifiers are regularly 
used. Semantically speaking, the numeral classifiers must be seen as part of 
a continuum from carrying a light semantic meaning to being highly 
informative. The semantic parameters that Persian numeral classifiers cluster 
around are categories such as animacy or physical properties such as shape 
or function. Among other functions (for instance classification, the primary 
function of classifiers), classifiers in Persian serve to mark the importance of 
participants in discourse to highlight culturally valued objects or objects that 
are prominent to life in the Persian community. 



Linguistic Field(s): Semantics
                     Syntax
                     Typology

Subject Language(s): Persian, Iranian (pes)


Written In: English  (eng)
	
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