Other -kV Elements

Koontz John E John.Koontz at colorado.edu
Fri Nov 12 00:06:20 UTC 2004

It occurred to me that there is another -kV element that I'd like to
distinguish from any "stative formant -ka."  This occurs (or is missing)
in the verb *o...rak(e) 'to tell', as in Dakota o...yaka, OP u...dha, Os
o...dhake, Ks o...yage, Qu o...dake, IO u...rage, Wi ho...rak.   Similar
forms exist in Southeastern.  I have no idea why Omaha-Ponca loses the
final *-ge expected, but I don't think it has anything to do with *-ka.

Between *-ka, *-k + varying *e/*a, truncations of final *-CV including
*-kV to make diminutives, truncations unexplained as in 'tell', loss of
final *e in Winnebago, and the shift of final *a to *e after velars in IO
and Winnbago it can be a bit difficult to sort out final *-kV sequences in
Siouan, though I think everything is consistent and works.

John E. Koontz

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