David Costa pankihtamwa at
Wed Nov 24 00:18:49 UTC 2004

Can *kyetaN be reconstructed all the way back to Proto-Siouan, or only
Proto-Mississippi Valley?


> On Tue, 23 Nov 2004, Michael Mccafferty wrote:
>> Dave Costa has pointed out that its PA */kenliwa/ and Fox /ketiwa/.
> So we're comparing something like
> Fox      ke tiwa
> P(MV?)S *kyetaN
> or
> PA      *kenliwa
> P(MV?)S *kyetaN
> That's a little more different than usual.  The Siouan set is slightly
> irregular, in that Dakota varies a bit in whether it exhibits Cc^ or c^h
> for *Cy.  For example, Da (wi)kc^emna[N] : OP *gdheb(dh)aN 'ten', but Da
> c^hetaH : OP gdhedaN 'hawk'.  In both cases initial *kye- is apparently
> involved.  There are a certain number of these *Cy sets, however.  Two
> others I recall offhand are *pyaphaNk- 'mosquito' and *e-p-ye 'I think'.
> I seem to recall that there's another *ky in another 'bird' set.
> Note, on 'ten':  OP has gdhebdhaN 'ten' in old word lists, but in Dorsey
> and later there's only gdhebaN.

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