Jan F. Ullrich jfu at centrum.cz
Mon Aug 28 20:13:08 UTC 2006

Could Lakota wagmu 'squash' be related to the stem gmu 'twisted' ? It occurs
with instrumentals pa-, na-, yu- :
pagmu - to twist smth by pushing with the hand
nagmu - to twist of its own accord
yugmu - to twist smth in the hand
wa-gmu would then be 'something-twisted' .

-----Original Message-----
From: Rankin, Robert L [mailto:owner-siouan at lists.colorado.edu] On Behalf Of
Rankin, Robert L
Sent: Monday, August 28, 2006 6:26 AM
To: siouan at lists.colorado.edu
Subject: RE: squash

> BTW, Bob, what is the geographic distribution of this word in Siouan? All 
over, or only in the Mississippi Valley languages, or what?
Northern part of Mississippi Valley only:  Dakotan (wagmu, wamna,
dialectally) and Chiwere-Winnebago only.  Dhegiha is different.  Note that,
even within Dakotan, the vowels don't match.

> (Far as I know, the word doesn't reconstruct in Muskogean, either. The
obviously has a special status in Algonquian.)
Depends on what word we're talking about.  There's a 'squash' reconstruction
in Muskogean, but it's not like the Siouan or Algonquian terms under

(I'll be in Oklahoma the next few days and may or may not have access to

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