antedating chain gang (1813)

Wilson Gray hwgray at GMAIL.COM
Wed Sep 19 18:28:28 UTC 2007

Two separate groups, right? Whites in debtor's prison released on
their own recognizance, as they say on Law'n'Order, and a chain gang
of blacks returned to their owners?


On 9/19/07, Stephen Goranson <goranson at> wrote:
> ---------------------- Information from the mail header -----------------------
> Sender:       American Dialect Society <ADS-L at LISTSERV.UGA.EDU>
> Poster:       Stephen Goranson <goranson at DUKE.EDU>
> Subject:      antedating chain gang (1813)
> -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> ads-l archive has 1831
> Daily National Intelligencer, (Washington, DC) Saturday, September 18, 1813;
> Issue 223; page 3, col A [19th C US Newspapers]
>      Tremendous Hurricane. Particulars of the Dreadful and Almost Unparalleled
> Hurricane, Which Has Again Very Nearly Desolated the unfortunate island of
> Dominica
> Roseau, July 28....
> [Col. C]
> The few prisoners confined for debt at the jail in Roseau, in consequence of its
> dilapidated state, were released under parole of honor to surrender, and the
> chain gang of culprits is delivered over to their owners.
> Stephen Goranson
> ------------------------------------------------------------
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