Antedating of "Hillbilly"

Shapiro, Fred fred.shapiro at YALE.EDU
Thu Jun 19 10:54:42 UTC 2008

OED has 1900 as its first use for _hillbilly_.  The current issue of _American Speech_ has an article giving 1893 as the earliest known citation (a discovery by Bill Mullins posted on ADS-L).  Here's an earlier one I found today:

1891 _The Mississippian_ (Jackson, Miss.) 22 Apr. (19th Century U.S. Newspapers)  (heading)  ANOTHER SOCKDOLOGER.  The Old Farmer "Inquirer" Has Another Say.  HE'S A LONG HEADED "HILL BILLY"

Fred Shapiro

Fred R. Shapiro                                            Editor
Associate Librarian for Collections and        YALE BOOK OF QUOTATIONS
  Access and Lecturer in Legal Research     Yale University Press
Yale Law School                                           ISBN 0300107986
e-mail: fred.shapiro at

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