Antedating of "Hijack" / "Hijacking"
Joel S. Berson
Berson at ATT.NET
Tue Feb 12 15:49:22 UTC 2013
Do I see variations in meaning in these early instances, that perhaps
should be separated? The OED has one definition, essentially "taking
something that is moving", and a catchall "transf."
I see the following 4 variations:
1) Taking something valuable illicitly. (This example does not
involve goods on the move.)
>1918 _Miami District Daily News_ (Miami, Oklahoma) 19 May 4
>(America's Historical Newspapers) Mulcting four soldiers of $35 by
>the Joplin authorities might be termed legalized "Hijacking."
2) The main sense.
At 2/11/2013 08:44 PM, Nathaniel Sharpe wrote:
>Date: Wednesday, August 9, 1916 Paper: Tulsa World (Tulsa, OK) Volume:
>XI Issue: 280 Page: 1, Tells of Shooting Osage "High Jack"
>According to a story told by R. W. Smith, an oil man of this city, there
>will be one less "high-jack" to contend with in the Osage hills for a
>time at least, as a result of his marksmanship, displayed in a pitched
>battle on the old ridge road late Sunday afternoon.
>Smith says he was showing some of his friends a lease near Keystone and
>was returning to Tula when he was confronted by a lone highwayman who
>commanded Smith and his party to "stick-em up."
3) [I'm having difficulty coming up with a definition for the next;
it's not goods on the move nor physically forceful.]
>Date: Saturday, April 1, 1916 Paper: Tulsa World (Tulsa, OK) Volume:
>XI Issue: 169 Page: Four, The Man About Town (GenealogyBank.com)
>Knowing their immense wealth, pickpockets would immediately high-jack
>the whole crowd.
4) Forceful takeover.
An OED quotation:
>1970 Daily Tel. Mag. 16 Jan. 17/2 When a virus enters a cell it
>hijacks it, and makes it do what it wants.
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