[Ads-l] ethnocide (1944)

Shapiro, Fred fred.shapiro at YALE.EDU
Tue Oct 21 20:27:33 UTC 2014

Very interesting, Ben.

Another interesting point about the word "genocide," I believe, is that the word was defined by Lemkin to exclude political murders, as a sop to the Soviet Union (which was responsible for many political murders) in order to gain Soviet support for a genocide convention.

Fred Shapiro

From: American Dialect Society [ADS-L at LISTSERV.UGA.EDU] on behalf of Ben Zimmer [bgzimmer at GMAIL.COM]
Sent: Tuesday, October 21, 2014 4:03 PM
Subject: ethnocide (1944)

OED3 (Mar. 2014 update) has "ethnocide" from 1968. But it appears in a
footnote in the same 1944 book that introduced "genocide."

1944 R. Lemkin _Axis Rule in Occupied Europe_ ix 79 Another term could
be used for the same idea, namely, _ethnocide_, consisting of the
Greek word "ethnos" -- nation -- and the Latin word "cide."

(Lemkin treated "ethnocide" as a synonym for "genocide," though later
writers would create a distinction between the two terms.)


Ben Zimmer

The American Dialect Society - http://www.americandialect.org

The American Dialect Society - http://www.americandialect.org

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