[Ads-l] hirelings and slaves (UNCLASSIFIED)

Wed Aug 31 19:43:41 UTC 2016


More support for JL's interpretation

[Philadelphia] _Pennsylvania Gazette_ 18 Jan 1770 p 3 col 2
"Happy, Like you, in the Name of Britons, and secure of your Affection to this your native Kingdom, we would rather give up all we hold most dear, than disturb your Peace, or the good Order of Government; but we cannot silently let pass those tyrannical Measures which your Majesty's Servants have adopted, nor tamely suffer those Rights to be trampled on, which were purchased by the Blood of our illustrious Ancestors; nor can we weakly submit to see the Treasures of the Nation thus basely confiscated by Self-interested Men, and prostituted to the vilest Purposes -- to pension Hirelings, Slaves, and Murderers."

Speech of Alderman Wilkes to the Livery at Guildhall, Oct 8 1772
London _Public Advertiser_ 9 Oct 1772 p 2 col 1
"I congratulate you, Gentlemen, that you possess several excellent Magistrates, who in a good Cause have the Fortitude to meet the Rage of a Senate, composed chiefly of Hirelings and Slaves."

Address to the Patriots of Belfast by Rev. James Glass
Belfast Northern Ireland _Northern Star_ 14 Mar 1792 p 4 col 1
"When hireling slaves the rights of man oppose,
In you they ever meet undaunted foes;
Their threats and mandates you indiff'rent hear,
And tell them, "Patriots spurn at servile fear;""

_Edenton [NC] Gazette_ 9 Dec 1808 p 3 col 2
"In the space of three months Buonaparte had defeated the Austrian armies, taken the capitol of the empire, and finally terminated the war by the signal defeat of the Russians, and Austrians, at Austerlitz -- But he was contending with hireling slaves, and traitors; he has now to contend with a people, brave and patriotic."

A stanza from "Ode to the Pensioned Presses"
NY _Evening Post_  7 Apr 1834 p 2 col 6
"And wear on your foreheads the brand you have sought!
Prove that yours is the task of the hireling and slave,
Whose honour and conscience are sold and are bought,
And who toils in the ditch of his own freedom's grave!"

> -----Original Message-----
> From: American Dialect Society [mailto:ADS-L at LISTSERV.UGA.EDU] On Behalf Of Jonathan Lighter
> Sent: Wednesday, August 31, 2016 1:13 PM
> Subject: Re: "slave"
> I believe Snopes and some of the historians have dropped the ball on this.
> Have they any understanding, themselves, of what the song and its third stanza are about?
> Don't they know (Duhhh...Why should they?) that "hirelings and slaves" was a political idiom of the period meaning, essentially,
> "contemptible mercenaries and gutless lackeys."
> ECCO, ?1747: "Their Senators shall be Fools and Debauchees, Hirelings and Slaves."
> 1748: "And dare the Hireling slave recommend the suppressing of our JUST and LEGAL LIBERTY?"
> Etc.
> JL
> On Wed, Aug 31, 2016 at 1:12 PM, Ben Zimmer <bgzimmer at gmail.com> wrote:
> > This piece has been widely circulated over the last few days:
> >
> > https://theintercept.com/2016/08/28/colin-kaepernick-is-
> > righter-than-you-know-the-national-anthem-is-a-celebration-of-slavery/
> >
> > Snopes investigates:
> >
> > http://www.snopes.com/2016/08/29/star-spangled-banner-and-slav
> > ery/
> >

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