[Ads-l] some missing entries

Laurence Horn laurence.horn at YALE.EDU
Fri Jan 22 18:38:06 UTC 2016

from both the AHD and especially (as the dictionary of record) the OED, corresponding to two frequently used linguistic terms:

1) "mirative" (for an expression whose use contributes a meaning of surprise or unexpectedness, e.g. _even_ in English and a wide variety of evidential markers in diverse languages); see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mirative (or a page or two of the Google returns).  As the wiki site notes, the connection between mirativity and evidentiality has been the topic of a considerable amount of recent work.  And for what it's worth, 

2) "evidentiality" (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evidentiality) is also not in the OED, although it's been the primary topic of dissertations, books, conferences, and journal articles.

3) on a different topic, "logophor", "logophoric", and "logophoricity" are not in the OED or AHD.  Again, there's a useful wiki-summary: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Logophoricity

As far as I know, "mirative" was coined by Scott Delancey and "logophor" by Claude Hagège in French and adapted by the late Nick Clements in English (citing African languages in which reflexive pronouns can be bound at long distance by a nominal representing the point of view presented in the sentence rather than the local subject.  An English example would be "herself" in "Mary told John that Bill wanted to marry herself", if that occurred, but "Nick told Sue that American linguists like himself had been working on logophoricity since the 1970s" involves a logophoric occurrence of "himself".

All these terms--mirative/-ity, evidential/-ity, and logophor/-ic/-ity--are used relatively freely within linguistics, and without needing to define them for the appropriate audience (e.g. at an LSA meeting).  


The American Dialect Society - http://www.americandialect.org

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