[Ads-l] Source(s) on history of alveolar tap/flap in English dialects?

Ben Zimmer bgzimmer at GMAIL.COM
Wed Jun 29 17:25:13 UTC 2016

George Philip Krapp, in _The Pronunciation of Standard English in America_
(1919), noted the phenomenon in "relaxed and slovenly speech."

(p. 100)

On Wed, Jun 29, 2016 at 12:38 PM, Neal Whitman <nwhitman at ameritech.net>

> Update:
> Oswald, Victor A. Jr. 1943. "'Voiced T': A misnomer." American Speech,
> 18(1), 18-25.
> He cites a few earlier sources, who agree that /t/ has a "voiced t"
> allophone, but only one seems to realize it might also be happening with
> /d/ as well, which is what Oswald had been noticing. Oswald does an
> experiment that today would be criticized for some uncontrolled conditions,
> and for not sufficiently disguising the variables in question, but which
> still gets some persuasive results.
> He does not use the IPA symbol for the alveolar tap, although according to
> Wikipedia, it was added in the 1930s.
> Question now: When was AmE tapping of /t/ first noticed? Earliest cite in
> this paper is Bloomfield (1933). I've searched Google Books for strings
> like "Americans (mis)pronounce" in the 1800s. Interesting hits, but no pay
> dirt yet.
> Neal
> > On Jun 28, 2016, at 9:03 AM, Neal Whitman <nwhitman at AMERITECH.NET>
> wrote:
> >
> > Can someone point me to a relevant source or sources for the history or
> origin of AmE, NZE and AustrE alveolar flapping/tapping? I've found plenty
> of sources describing the phonetic environments in which it occurs, and the
> dialects that have it, but nothing yet on a time frame.
> >
> > Thanks!
> >
> > Neal

The American Dialect Society - http://www.americandialect.org

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