[Ads-l] to jury a contest, to jury a journal (1971)

Barretts Mail mail.barretts at GMAIL.COM
Thu Nov 7 18:20:34 UTC 2019

A. Today I saw a sign for a “juried art show,” which was new to me.

If you type “juried” into Google with suggestions on, it comes up with “juried art show” and many hits follow. Craft shows, fairs, markets and other events are also juried.

Merriam-Webster (https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/jury <https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/jury>) and Wiktionary (https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/jury#Verb <https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/jury#Verb>) have this. MW says it is primarily as a participle, such as in “a juried show”. 

The OED does not have the verb, but does have the adjective “juried.” That entry is short and does not offer today's more common meaning of judging a competition, though the OED does have a noun meaning of “jury” referring to contests.

Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juried_(competition) <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juried_(competition)> says: "The phrase 'juried competition' is usually used to describe creative contests: artistic and literary competitions rather than sports tournaments or academic and scholarship competitions, although such competitions have similarities.”

As to “judging” versus “jurying: 

1. Juried Art Shows — What They Are & How They Work
Laurel Peterson Gregory 
https://www.laurelpetersongregory.com/blog/juried-art-shows-what-they-are-how-they-work/ <https://www.laurelpetersongregory.com/blog/juried-art-shows-what-they-are-how-they-work/>

Next time you go to any reasonably well-established fine art fair, chances are it’s a juried event. A juried art show is one at which exhibiting artists had to be found worthy of entry by presenting their work to a panel of “jurors” or judges. These judges can often be fellow artists (like me!) or knowledgable members of the art community — such as museum curators and gallery owners — selected by the sponsoring organization.

Gregory switches between “judge” and “juror” and seems to consider them synonyms.

2. Juried Art Show vs. Judged Art Show, May 2003
http://www.wetcanvas.com/forums/showthread.php?t=400345 <http://www.wetcanvas.com/forums/showthread.php?t=400345>

I am thinking the difference is to get into a Juried Art Show you have to be juried in by a group of your peers, a Judged Art Show is one where you just have pay your entry fees to get in.

That opinion is shared by Outlawswife on that same page in January 2007. manfrommerriam (August 2004, same page) claims, however, that the two terms are equivalent. This may be the difference between casual and careful word usage, with careful speakers in line with laudesan and Outlawswife.


B. None of the above dictionaries include the meaning of “peer-reviewing/refereeing a journal or the like,” which might be the origin of definition A above. The Wikipedia article cited (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juried_(competition) <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juried_(competition)> traces the practice of jurying contests back to Aeschylus.

3. "Scholarly Journals”, Library, Piedmont College
https://libguides.piedmont.edu/c.php?g=521332&p=3564558 <https://libguides.piedmont.edu/c.php?g=521332&p=3564558>
Scholarly, academic, peer-reviewed, juried, or refereed — These are all synonyms for the same type of journal, one that presents and preserves a record of scholarship for an academic or research-oriented audience.  The language of scholarly journals is that of the discipline covered. It assumes some academic background on the part of the reader. 

Many academic journals, though by no means all, are published by scholarly societies or discipline-specific professional organizations. As part of the publication process, scholarly articles are reviewed by committees of other notable scholars.  Such reviewers are considered to be the writer's peers; hence, the term peer-reviewed journal.  Usually, a committee or jury of scholars does the reviewing; hence, the terms juried journal or refereed journal.

4. Journal of Education for Librarianship: A Publication of the Association of American Library Schools, vol. 11, p. 281, 1971
Margaret E. Monroe
https://tinyurl.com/yyoul4lg <https://tinyurl.com/yyoul4lg> (snippet)
https://www.jstor.org/stable/i40013532 <https://www.jstor.org/stable/i40013532> (JSTOR)

In taking on the editorship, Horrocks hopes to make _JEL_ a juried journal with all contributions being critical assessed by experts in the field.

5. American Dialect Society mailing list, 1995
William A. Kretzschmar, Jr.
http://www.americandialect.org/americandialectarchives/aug95130.html <http://www.americandialect.org/americandialectarchives/aug95130.html>

Submissions are juried.

Many examples of this meaning can be found on the internet by searching for “juried journal."

Benjamin Barrett (he/his/him)
Formerly of Seattle, WA
The American Dialect Society - http://www.americandialect.org

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