[Ads-l] Antedating of "Internet of Things"

Shapiro, Fred fred.shapiro at YALE.EDU
Sat Apr 22 12:34:03 UTC 2023

Internet of things (OED 2001)

The citation below is found on LexisNexis.

More than just a number

 Open Manufacturing

Fall 2000

Copyright 2000 Gale Group, Inc.
All Rights Reserved
Business and Management Practices
Copyright Sun Microsystems Computer Co. 2000

Length: 1752 words

Byline: Fulcher, Jim

Highlight: Sponsors provide seed funding for global research center to build next-generation standardized automatic identification technology, benefitting every player in the supply chain eventually, human-made packages and devices will communicate with each other


Future auto-ID technology offers means tn store, retrieve information about every human-made object

Jim Fulcher, Editor

Since its creation in 1973, the Universal Product Code (UPC)-- commonly known as the bar code--has become part of all our lives. The all-numeric system is the best means to control the flow of goods because it supports tracking thousands of suppliers and millions of items warehoused, delivered, sold, and billed through retail and commercial distribution.

Indeed, the UPC has achieved global standardization and helped businesses reduce costs. Nevertheless, during the UPC's development, a committee said the technology would need upgrading in 25 years. That prediction proved accurate. Recently leaders of the Uniform Code Council (UCC) recognized the need for a global research center to build next-generation automatic identification (auto-ID) technology.

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UCC members determined that this new system would have to recognize advances in radio-frequency and electrostatic tags, and magnetic imaging & holograms growth of the Internet and wireless telecommunications and business changes--particularly electronic commerce.

UCC leaders understand the need for continuing standardization work. Without standards, fragmented technologies slow adoption rates.

The council enlisted The Procter & Gamble Co., <https://plus.lexis.com/document/teaserdocument/?pdmfid=1530671&crid=8cb0804c-902b-4d3b-8e50-482237beefa2&pddocfullpath=%2Fshared%2Fdocument%2Fnews%2Furn%3AcontentItem%3A4DN1-WV90-00RH-C288-00000-00&pddocid=urn%3AcontentItem%3A4DN1-WV90-00RH-C288-00000-00&pdcontentcomponentid=210625&pdteaserkey=h1&pdislpamode=false&ecomp=974k&earg=sr8&prid=34f28849-5e56-456a-b5a9-a56c89fe0a74#> Cincinnati, and, subsequently, The Gillette Co.,<https://plus.lexis.com/document/teaserdocument/?pdmfid=1530671&crid=8cb0804c-902b-4d3b-8e50-482237beefa2&pddocfullpath=%2Fshared%2Fdocument%2Fnews%2Furn%3AcontentItem%3A4DN1-WV90-00RH-C288-00000-00&pddocid=urn%3AcontentItem%3A4DN1-WV90-00RH-C288-00000-00&pdcontentcomponentid=210625&pdteaserkey=h1&pdislpamode=false&ecomp=974k&earg=sr8&prid=34f28849-5e56-456a-b5a9-a56c89fe0a74#> Boston, for seed funding to establish The Auto-ID Center at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, Mass. Today, other sponsors include Sun Microsystems, Phillip Morris, International Paper, EAN International, Motorola, National Cash Register, CHEP International, and SAVI Technology.

The MIT Auto-ID Center, opened in October 1999, is governed by a Board of Overseers comprised of global sponsors from consumer packaged goods, retail, food, transportation, and other industries.

Center scientists look at new technologies evaluate the needs of industry sectors and create standards and infrastructure for future auto-ID.

A bridge to the future

P&G's Kevin Ashton is one of the Center's founding directors, along with MIT scientists Dr. David Brock, professor Sanjay Sarma, and professor Sunny Siu. Ashton, executive director of the Center, says its mission is to create an "Internet of things" that will "connect the physical world of things used in production, distribution, sale, use, and disposal of products with the computers of the Internet." Every player in the supply chain will benefit.

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