Rick Mc Callister
rmccalli at sunmuw1.MUW.Edu
Fri Feb 26 22:00:30 UTC 1999
Would your outline would be something like this?
Outliers are marked with *
I.IE to c. 5500 BCE
A. *Anatolian c. 5500 BCE
B. Non-Anatolian IE 5500 BCE
1. *Tocharian c. 5000 BCE
2. Eastern [Steppe] IE c. 5000/4500 BCE
a. Indo-Iranian 3200 BC
b. Greco-Armenian [Thracian?] 3200 BC
3. Central/Western [LBK] IE c. 5000/4500 BCE
a. Germano-Balto-Slavic 4500-4000? BCE
i. Balto-Slavic 4000 BCE [GBS Sprachbund 3K-1K BCE]
ii. *Germanic 4000 BCE [GBS Sprachbund 3K-1K BCE]
b. Celto-Italic-Venetic-etc. [Illyrian?] 4500-2000 BCE?
i. Celtic 2000 BCE
ii. Italic 2000 BCE
iii. Venetic 2000 BCE
iv. ?Illyrian? 2000 BCE?
v. Lusitanian? 2000 BCE?
Of course, this doesn't take into account all the Sprachbunds that
would arise when languages bumped into one another
Greek-Armenian would have had to have picked up influence from
Balkan IE --whatever that was at the time-- and vice versa, and then from
Germanic first bumps into Italic and then Celtic
And there the question of what Albanian is/was.
Is it the remains of whatever Balkan IE language was there before
Is it a descendant of Daco-Thracian? And presumibly Eastern IE?
Is it a descendant of Illyrian? And presumibly Western IE? [If
Illyrian is indeed Western IE and not a relic Balkan IE language--provided
there is a difference]
Is it a mischsprache with all of these layers and then Latin,
Greek, Slavic, Arabic & Turkish vocabulary piled on for good measure?
You can definitely appreciate that Swadesh's list needs to account
for outlier and non-outlier languages.
If all IE languages were outliers, would they all be as different
as English, Anatolian, Tocharian & Armenian?
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