Three-Way Contrast of Secondary Articulations in PIE

Miguel Carrasquer Vidal mcv at
Thu Apr 5 09:12:55 UTC 2001

On Mon, 2 Apr 2001 22:41:34 -0500, "David L. White"
<dlwhite at> wrote:

>        Anyway, that's my understanding.  It could be wrong.  The real
>question, hopefully a fairly straightforward empirical one, is whether it is
>a fact the Caucasian languages have systems with three-way contrasts.

They have, for instance Abkhaz.  There is no problem with
coarticulations, as Abkhaz does not have /i/ and /u/.

Miguel Carrasquer Vidal
mcv at

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