petegray at btinternet.com
Fri Apr 27 15:47:46 UTC 2001
> Thinking about vocalic /r/, I got to wondering:
> do sequences like these occur in Sanskrit?
> rya, krya, #rya, rva, vya, vra
R functions both as a vowel and as a consonant in Sanskrit. The alphabet
treats the two as entirely distinct, as in the word kartrtvam (BG 5:14) -
the first is written as a consonant, the second as a vowel. L also
functions as vowel, though much less commonly. Both vowels have long forms,
although long vocalic l is exceedingly rare.
The sequences: sthrya, lya, trya, krya, etc are all to be found. I
couldn't find examples with a a vowel, but with other vowels, how about
(a) One such place is the sandhi form of a word ending in -ri before a word
Compare aryudasina (BG 6:9) = ari+udasina.
and internally: paryupasate (BG4:25) = pari+upasate
(b) Another such place is the sandhi form of words in -s before a word
Compare muner yogam (BG6:3) = munes yogam.
More information about the Indo-european