Three-Way Contrast of Secondary Articulations in PIE

proto-language proto-language at
Sun Mar 11 04:57:32 UTC 2001

Dear Rich and IEists:

----- Original Message -----
From: "Rich Alderson" <alderson+mail at>
Sent: Thursday, March 08, 2001 8:39 PM

> On the topic of Kuipers' analysis of Kabardian, Pat Ryan wrote on 2 Mar 2001:

>> He maintained that Kabardian had only one vowel, for which he was severely
>> criticized.

> No, he was mildly to moderately criticized for that analysis.

> He was severely criticized for his suggestion that Kabardian had *NO*
> phonemic vowels, only a feature similar to Lehmann's "sonority peak".
> Rightly so.

Rather than reopen the discussion of 'what is a phoneme', I will simply stand
corrected for the purposes of the discussion.


PATRICK C. RYAN | PROTO-LANGUAGE at (501) 227-9947 * 9115 W. 34th
St. Little Rock, AR 72204-4441 USA WEBPAGES: PROTO-LANGUAGE: and PROTO-RELIGION: "Veit ec
at ec hecc, vindgá meiði a netr allar nío, geiri vndaþr . . . a þeim
meiþi, er mangi veit, hvers hann af rótom renn." (Hávamál 138)

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