[lg policy] Catalan Language News 30 December, 2009

Harold Schiffman hfsclpp at GMAIL.COM
Sun Jan 24 20:43:32 UTC 2010


Forwarded From: <info at observatoridelallengua.cat>


  *Catalan Language News 30 December 2009 *       *WHO ARE WE?*
 The Catalan Language Observatory was set up in 2004 by cultural
organisations from all the Catalan-speaking lands, with the purpose of
monitoring the Catalan language rigorously and objectively.

 *MEMBERSHIP*
 *The following organisati! ons are members of the Observatory:*
· Acció Cultural del País Valencià <http://www.acpv.net/php/index.php>
· Associació de Juristes per la llengua
<http://www.juristesperlallengua.cat/>
· Casal Jaume I de Fraga <http://www.acpv.net/casals/fraga.html>
· Casal Jaume I de Perpinyà <http://www.acpv.net/casals/perpinya.html>
· Centre Internacional Escarré per a les Minories Ètniques i les
Nacions<http://www.ciemen.cat/>(CIEMEN)
· Centre Unesco de Catalunya <http://www.unescocat.org/en>
· Comitè de Seguiment de la Declaració Universal de Drets
Lingüístics<http://www.linguistic-declaration.org/index-gb.htm>
· Consell de Col·legis d'Advocats de Catalunya <http://www.cicac.org/>
· Culturalnord <http://pro.wanadoo.fr/catnet/Culturalnord.html>
· Fundació Congrés de Cultura Catalana <http://www.fundccc.cat/>
· Institut Linguapax <http://www.linguapax.org/en/homeang.html>
· Obra Cultural Balear <http://www.ocbweb.org/>
· Observatori de la Universitat d'Alacant <http://www.ua.es/spv/observatori>
· Omnium Cultural <http://www.omnium.cat/>
· Omnium Cultural de l'Alguer <http://www.omnium.cat/index.php?cov_ID=22>
· Organització pel Multilingüisme <http://www.om-plural.org/indexeng.html>
· Plataforma per la llengua <http://www.plataforma-llengua.cat/>

*With the support of:*
· Institute of Catalan
Studies<http://www.iec.cat/gc/ViewPage.action?siteNodeId=148&languageId=1&contentId=-1>
· Television of Catalonia <http://www.tv3.cat/ptvcatalunya/tvcHome.jsp>
· IJLV <http://www.llengua.info/>- the Joan Lluís Vives Institute -, whose
members are the following universities:
- Abat Oliba CEU University<http://www.uao.es/cream/?site=uao&page=1&idioma=ca>
- Autonomous University of
Barcelona<http://www.uab.es/servlet/Satellite?cid=1101231878924&pagename=UAB%2FPage%2FTemplateHomeUAB>
- International University of Catalonia <http://www.unica.edu/primera.uic>
- Jaume I University <http://www.uji.es/UK/basic>
- Miguel Hernández University <http://www.umh.es/> (Elx)
- Open University of Catalonia <http://www.uoc.edu/web/eng/index.html>
- Pompeu Fabra University <http://www.upf.es/english/web>
- Ramon Llull University <http://www.url.es/en/index.php>
- Rovira i Virgili University <http://www.urv.es/en_index.html>
- Technical University of Catalonia <http://www.upc.edu/eng>
- Technical University of Valencia <http://www.upv.es/menui.html>
- University of Alacant <http://www.ua.es/en/index.html>
- University of Andorra <http://www.uda.ad/index.php>
- University of the Balearic Islands <http://www.uib.es/en>
- University of Barcelona <http://www.ub.edu/homeub/welcome.html>
- University of Girona <http://www.udg.es/>
- University of Lleida <http://www.udl.es/perfils/visitors.html>
- University of Perpinyà <http://www.univ-perp.fr/>
- University of Valencia <http://www.uv.es/~webuv/ingles/index.htm>
- University of Vic <http://www.uvic.cat/en/inici.html>

*With the support of:*

GENERALITAT DE CATALUNYA

INSTITUT RAMON LLULL


 *LINKS TO SITES WITH GENERAL INFORMATION ON CATALAN*
 Generalitat de Catalunya <http://www.gencat.net/index_eng.htm> *Government
of Catalonia*
Govern de les Illes Balears <http://www.caib.es/govern/index.jsp> *Government
of the Balearic Islands*
Generalitat Valenciana<http://http//www.gva.es/jsp/portalgv.jsp?br=1&re=1&co=es&chflash=true&force=si>
*Government of the Valencian Community*
Parlament de Catalunya<http://www.parlament-cat.net/portal/page?_pageid=34,33596&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL>
*Parliament of Catalonia*
IEC <http://www.iec.cat/>
*Institute of Catalan Studies*
institut Ramon Llull <http://www.llull.cat/llull/index.jsp?idioma=en>
*Ramon Llull Institute *

 *CONTACT US*
 *Observatori de la llengua catalana*
C/ de la Diputació, 276, pral.
08009 BARCELONA
observatori at observatoridelallengua.cat
00 34 93 319 80 50

    *The New Education Act of Catalonia. *

*Consolidation of the Catalan Linguistic Model

Mercator Linguistic Rights and Legislation - CIEMEN *

Catalonia, since the transition to democracy and the establishment of the
autonomous model, has increased its fields of action year after year,
progressively developing the competences set forth in the Constitution and
the Statutes of Autonomy. This development of the action of the Catalan
Institutions has not been always easy and in more than one occasion the
Constitutional Court had to resolve competential conflicts where the limits
of certain competences were not clear. In 2006 a new Statute of Autonomy was
approved, an Statute that makes knowledge of Catalan language compulsory for
every citizen of Catalonia, alongside Spanish (art. 6.2), and recognizes
"exclusive powers" to the Generalitat on some areas of university and
non-university education (art. 131 and 172). Is in the framework of this
Statute that the new Education Act of Catalonia (LEC) has been approved in
the Catalan Parliament. Currently the Constitutional Court is studying the
constitutionality of the Statu! te of Autonomy of 2006, the juridical base
of the LEC. Anyway, since the Statute 2006 is into force, it is being
applied.

The Education Act of Catalonia is a a long desired project of the Government
of Catalonia to have a disctintive Catalan model of Education. It has been a
complex law since the beginning. Its origin can be placed in the National
Pact for Education, signed on March 2006 between the government of Catalonia
and representatives of the educational community of Catalonia. Its text,
presented to the Parliament on August 2008 in a preliminary draft bill, has
been rewritten and amended. There have been many points of disagreement and
the debate on the issue of education in Catalonia has been wide. Language
has not been a minor part in it. The model with Catalan as the vehicular
language has been the option more widely supported, and the Education Act
shows it very clearly.

Title II of the Education Act of Catalonia on the linguistic regime of the
education system of Catalonia is dedicated to the treatment of languages in
education and formalizes and consolidates the linguistic immersion
methodology and explicitly forbids separation of pupils because of their
usual language. But this consolidation is not safe yet, it depends on the
ruling of the Constitutional Court on the Statute of Autonomy and the
effects it may cause on the competence of Catalan Institutions to establish
the model of education.

Main points of the LEC

.. Full command of Catalan and Spanish to be assured for pupils.
.. Catalan used as vehicular learning language (also books, other
educational materials), except in Spanish and foreign languages subjects.
.. Teachers must prove knowledge of Catalan and Spanish. They must use
Catalan at classroom and outside.
.. Linguistic immersion enhanced.
.. Catalan is the official language of the Education Authority.
.. External projection of schools, also to be held in Catalan.
.. Schools to promote Catalan culture outside Catalonia.
.. The same principles apply to Aranese in Aran Valley.

The new act enhances and protects the well-established Catalan model of
education, shielding it from legislation of the Spanish State that could
harm it. It provides the model with the higher legal status which is
possible within the present legal framework of the Spanish State. As a
general outcome, the debate of the enactment of this law has showed the wide
consensus existing among the Educative Community of Catalonia on the
language issue. The only ones that have opposed have been two Spanish
nationalist parties, which do not reach even 15% of the MPs. Catalonia keeps
increasing the fields on which it has legislative power, even when a
political party, the Popular Party, has lodged an appeal of
unconstitutionality against the LEC to the Constitutional Court. It is a
matter of political will.


Mercator Linguistic Rights and Legislation - CIEMEN

Catalonia, since the transition to democracy and the establishment of the
autonomous model, has increased its fields of action year after year,
progressively developing the competences set forth in the Constitution and
the Statutes of Autonomy. This development of the action of the Catalan
Institutions has not been always easy and in more than one occasion the
Constitutional Court had to resolve competential conflicts where the limits
of certain competences were not clear. In 2006 a new Statute of Autonomy was
approved, an Statute that makes knowledge of Catalan language compulsory for
every citizen of Catalonia, alongside Spanish (art. 6.2), and recognizes
"exclusive powers" to the Generalitat on some areas of university and
non-university education (art. 131 and 172). Is in the framework of this
Statute that the new Education Act of Catalonia (LEC) has been approved in
the Catalan Parliament. Currently the Constitutional Court is studying the
constitutionality of the Statu! te of Autonomy of 2006, the juridical base
of the LEC. Anyway, since the Statute 2006 is into force, it is being
applied.

The Education Act of Catalonia is a a long desired project of the Government
of Catalonia to have a disctintive Catalan model of Education. It has been a
complex law since the beginning. Its origin can be placed in the National
Pact for Education, signed on March 2006 between the government of Catalonia
and representatives of the educational community of Catalonia. Its text,
presented to the Parliament on August 2008 in a preliminary draft bill, has
been rewritten and amended. There have been many points of disagreement and
the debate on the issue of education in Catalonia has been wide. Language
has not been a minor part in it. The model with Catalan as the vehicular
language has been the option more widely supported, and the Education Act
shows it very clearly.

Title II of the Education Act of Catalonia on the linguistic regime of the
education system of Catalonia is dedicated to the treatment of languages in
education and formalizes and consolidates the linguistic immersion
methodology and explicitly forbids separation of pupils because of their
usual language. But this consolidation is not safe yet, it depends on the
ruling of the Constitutional Court on the Statute of Autonomy and the
effects it may cause on the competence of Catalan Institutions to establish
the model of education.

Main points of the LEC

.. Full command of Catalan and Spanish to be assured for pupils.
.. Catalan used as vehicular learning language (also books, other
educational materials), except in Spanish and foreign languages subjects.
.. Teachers must prove knowledge of Catalan and Spanish. They must use
Catalan at classroom and outside.
.. Linguistic immersion enhanced.
.. Catalan is the official language of the Education Authority.
.. External projection of schools, also to be held in Catalan.
.. Schools to promote Catalan culture outside Catalonia.
.. The same principles apply to Aranese in Aran Valley.

The new act enhances and protects the well-established Catalan model of
education, shielding it from legislation of the Spanish State that could
harm it. It provides the model with the higher legal status which is
possible within the present legal framework of the Spanish State. As a
general outcome, the debate of the enactment of this law has showed the wide
consensus existing among the Educative Community of Catalonia on the
language issue. The only ones that have opposed have been two Spanish
nationalist parties, which do not reach even 15% of the MPs. Catalonia keeps
increasing the fields on which it has legislative power, even when a
political party, the Popular Party, has lodged an appeal of
unconstitutionality against the LEC to the Constitutional Court. It is a
matter of political will.



      <http://www.cataloniatoday.cat/> <http://www.eurotribune.net/>
<http://www.observatoridelallengua.cat/observatori.php?llengua=en>


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