[lg policy] Edling Digest, Vol 47, Issue 2

Harold Schiffman haroldfs at GMAIL.COM
Wed Aug 10 21:36:49 UTC 2011

Forwarded From:   edling at lists.sis.utsa.edu

Today's Topics:

  1. Flemish Schools to Require English and French Equally
     (Francis Hult)
  2. Italy to create language teaching cathedral in Angloa
     (Francis Hult)
  3. US: Teaching vanishing Native languages (Francis Hult)
  4. Czechs abroad grow interested in Czech-language education
     (Francis Hult)
  5. Indonesia : In Debate Over Native Speakers vs Local       English
     Teachers, What Matters is Quality (Francis Hult)
  6. Now available on Project MUSE - Canadian Journal of
     Linguistics 56(2) July 2011 (Greenwood, Audrey)


Message: 1
Date: Tue, 2 Aug 2011 16:46:35 -0500
From: Francis Hult <francis.hult at utsa.edu>
Subject: [Edling] Flemish Schools to Require English and French
To: <edling at lists.sis.utsa.edu>
       <A9B2E1D7E2CAE34FB088BEFC63241A4BF43A79 at diamonddt.UTSARR.NET>
Content-Type: text/plain; charset="iso-8859-1"


Flemish Schools to Require English and French Equally

New rules ordered by the Flemish government will put English on the
same level as French as a required "second language" as early as next
year. This was decided on July 26th, when the Flemish government
approved a new language proposal from Pascal Smet (SP.A), the Flemish
minister of education.

Full story:


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Message: 2
Date: Tue, 2 Aug 2011 16:48:24 -0500
From: Francis Hult <francis.hult at utsa.edu>
Subject: [Edling] Italy to create language teaching cathedral in
To: <edling at lists.sis.utsa.edu>
       <A9B2E1D7E2CAE34FB088BEFC63241A4BF43A7A at diamonddt.UTSARR.NET>
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Italy to create language teaching cathedral

The government of Italy will support in 2012 the creation of a
cathedral for the official teaching of the Italian language in Angola.

Full story:


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Message: 3
Date: Tue, 2 Aug 2011 16:49:48 -0500
From: Francis Hult <francis.hult at utsa.edu>
Subject: [Edling] US: Teaching vanishing Native languages
To: <edling at lists.sis.utsa.edu>
       <A9B2E1D7E2CAE34FB088BEFC63241A4BF43A7B at diamonddt.UTSARR.NET>
Content-Type: text/plain; charset="iso-8859-1"

Juneau Empire

Teaching vanishing Native languages

Tlingit speakers and educators are fighting to keep that language
alive. As those at Sealaska Heritage Institute (SHI) put it, creating
new speakers will be key in accomplishing this.

In fact, the Native institute has just introduced a new Tlingit
language card program as part of this mission.

Full story:


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Message: 4
Date: Tue, 2 Aug 2011 16:50:55 -0500
From: Francis Hult <francis.hult at utsa.edu>
Subject: [Edling] Czechs abroad grow interested in Czech-language
To: <edling at lists.sis.utsa.edu>
       <A9B2E1D7E2CAE34FB088BEFC63241A4BF43A7C at diamonddt.UTSARR.NET>
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Prague Daily Monitor

Czechs abroad grow interested in Czech-language education

The interest of foreign Czechs in Czech schools is growing with the
record number of applicants being registered by the branch of the
Czech School Without Frontiers (CSBH) in Frankfurt, CSBH director
Lucie Slavikova-Boucher told journalists yesterday.

Full story:


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Message: 5
Date: Tue, 2 Aug 2011 16:57:38 -0500
From: Francis Hult <francis.hult at utsa.edu>
Subject: [Edling] Indonesia : In Debate Over Native Speakers vs Local
       English Teachers, What Matters is Quality
To: <edling at lists.sis.utsa.edu>
       <A9B2E1D7E2CAE34FB088BEFC63241A4BF43A7D at diamonddt.UTSARR.NET>
Content-Type: text/plain; charset="iso-8859-1"

Jakarta Globe

In Debate Over Native Speakers vs Local English Teachers, What Matters
is Quality

All foreign English teachers seeking employment in Indonesia must be
individually approved by Diknas. There are many requirements that have
come into force over the past 18 months or so, but being a native
speaker is no longer one of them. Instead the Department has issued a
negative list of 18 countries, whose nationals would not be eligible
for a work permit. (These countries include much of Africa, including
South Africa, and many parts of the Middle East.)

Full story:


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Message: 6
Date: Mon, 8 Aug 2011 13:54:29 +0000
From: "Greenwood, Audrey" <agreenwood at utpress.utoronto.ca>
Subject: [Edling] Now available on Project MUSE - Canadian Journal of
       Linguistics 56(2) July 2011
To: "'edling at lists.sis.utsa.edu'" <edling at lists.sis.utsa.edu>
       <EAFE3878519FA848AEDE4C9427646FE904A57E9C at postoffice.utpress.utoronto.ca>

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The Canadian Journal of Linguistics / La revue canadienne de
linguistique 56(2) July 2011 is now available at
This issue contains:

Synchronic evidence of a diachronic change: Voicing and duration in
French and Spanish stop?liquid
Laura Colantoni<http://muse.jhu.edu/search/results?action=search&searchtype=author&section1=author&search1=%22Colantoni%2C%20Laura.%22>,
Jeffrey Steele<http://muse.jhu.edu/search/results?action=search&searchtype=author&section1=author&search1=%22Steele%2C%20Jeffrey.%22>

This article investigates the role that the phonetic parameters of
duration and voicing play in shaping asymmetric patterns of Romance
stop-liquid cluster realization. Based on acoustic analysis of
experimental data from Quebec French and Argentine Spanish, we
demonstrate the existence of an asymmetry in the proportional duration
of the stop and a following epenthetic vowel or lateral: sonorants are
shorter after voiceless stops in stop?liquid clusters. Rhotics do not
participate in this process. The Spanish tap does not vary
significantly in length, and the French dorsal fricative is longer in
voiceless clusters. We propose that compensatory adjustments of the
following sonorant are the result of the interaction of coarticulatory
constraints, both universal (shorter sonorants after voiceless stops
or fricatives) and language-specific (voicing in dorsal fricatives in
French). Parallels are drawn between the synchronic variation attested
and well-known patterns of diachronic change in Romance.

Le pr?sent article examine le r?le que jouent deux param?tres
phon?tiques, soit la dur?e et le voisement, dans la r?alisation
asym?trique des groupes consonantiques occlusive-liquide dans les
langues romanes. ? partir d?une analyse acoustique de donn?es
exp?rimentales du fran?ais qu?b?cois et de l?espagnol argentin, nous
d?montrons qu?il existe une asym?trie dans la dur?e proportionnelle
des occlusives et de certains segments qui les suivent (voyelles
lat?rales ou ?penth?tiques) : les sonantes sont plus courtes apr?s les
occlusives sourdes. Les rhotiques ne participent pas ? ce processus.
La dur?e de la vibrante battue de l?espagnol ne varie pas de fa?on
significative, et la fricative dorsale du fran?ais est plus longue
lorsqu?elle fait partie d?un groupe consonantique sourd. Nous
proposons que l?ajustement compensatoire des sonantes r?sulte de
l?interaction entre des contraintes coarticulatoires tant universelle
(sonantes plus courtes apr?s occlusives ou fricatives sourdes) que
propre ? une seule langue (voisement des fricatives dorsales en
fran?ais). Enfin, nous d?gageons des parall?les entre la variation
synchronique observ?e et certains changements diachroniques bien
Media representations of minority French: Valorization, identity, and
the Acadieman phenomenon<http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/canadian_journal_of_linguistics/summary/v056/56.2.comeau.html>
Philip Comeau<http://muse.jhu.edu/search/results?action=search&searchtype=author&section1=author&search1=%22Comeau%2C%20Philip.%22>,
Ruth King<http://muse.jhu.edu/search/results?action=search&searchtype=author&section1=author&search1=%22King%2C%20Ruth%20Elizabeth%2C%201954-%22>

This article is concerned with the role of media representations of
language use in the promotion of language ideologies and in identity
construction. It focuses on media representations of Chiac, a
traditionally low-status variety of Acadian French. We consider
performances of this variety in the adventures of an animated
superhero, Acadieman, presented in a cable TV show running on Rogers
TV from 2005 to 2009. We first contextualize Acadieman in terms of the
linguistic and cultural contexts in which Chiac is spoken. We then
consider how particular social meanings are created through contrasts
between Chiac-speaking characters and speakers of other varieties.
While the juxtaposition of varieties is at one level quite humorous,
on another level it draws on complex indexicalities and valorizes the
local variety and, by extension, its speakers. Finally, we argue that
the Acadieman phenomenon provides a discursive space within which
present-day Acadian identities can be negotiated.

Cet article traite du r?le de la repr?sentation de la langue par les
m?dias dans la promotion d?id?ologies linguistiques et dans la
construction d?identit?s. Il porte sur la pr?sentation par les m?dias
du chiac, une vari?t? du fran?ais acadien habituellement stigmatis?e.
Nous consid?rons des manifestations de cette vari?t? dans les
aventures d?un superh?ros, Acadieman, pr?sent?es dans une s?rie
d?animation t?l?vis?e entre 2005 et 2009 par la TV Rogers. D?abord
nous situons Acadieman en termes des contextes linguistique et
culturel dans lesquels le chiac est parl?. Ensuite, nous consid?rons
la mani?re dont certaines connotations sociales sont cr??es via les
contrastes entre les personnages parlant chiac et ceux qui parlent
d?autres vari?t?s. Alors que la juxtaposition des vari?t?s est plut?t
comique, ? un autre niveau discursif, elle se sert d?indexicalisations
complexes et valorise la vari?t? locale et, par extension, ses
locuteurs. Enfin, nous proposons que le ph?nom?ne Acadieman ?tablit un
espace discursif ? l?int?rieur duquel les identit?s acadiennes peuvent
?tre n?goci?es.
Palatalization and ?strong i? across Inuit
Richard Compton<http://muse.jhu.edu/search/results?action=search&searchtype=author&section1=author&search1=%22Compton%2C%20Richard.%22>,
B. Elan Dresher<http://muse.jhu.edu/search/results?action=search&searchtype=author&section1=author&search1=%22Dresher%2C%20Bezalel%20E.%20%28Bezalel%20Elan%29%2C%201950-%22>

Inuit dialects with palatalization all distinguish between ?strong i?
and ?weak i?: instances of surface [i] that cause palatalization and
those that do not, respectively. All dialects that have completely
lost this contrast also lack palatalization. Why are there no /i, a,
u/ dialects in which all instances of surface [i] trigger
palatalization? We propose that this typological gap can be explained
using a contrastivist analysis whereby only contrastive features can
be phonologically active, palatalization is triggered by [coronal],
and contrastive features are assigned in an order placing [low] and
[labial] ahead of [coronal]. In a three-vowel inventory only [low] and
[labial] are contrastive, while in the four-vowel inventory [coronal]
must also be contrastive to distinguish strong and weak i. It follows
from these assumptions that [i] can trigger palatalization only if it
is in contrast with a fourth vowel.

Les dialectes inuits avec palatalisation distinguent tous entre les ?i
forts? et les ?i faibles? : les [i] de surface qui provoquent la
palatalisation et ceux qui ne la provoquent pas, respectivement. Dans
tous les dialectes o? ce contraste est compl?tement perdu, la
palatalisation est absente. Pourquoi n?existe-t-il pas de dialectes
/i, a, u/ dans lesquels tous les [i] de surface d?clenchent la
palatalisation? Nous proposons que cet ?cart typologique peut ?tre
expliqu? en utilisant une approche contrastiviste selon laquelle seuls
les traits contrastifs peuvent ?tre actifs dans la phonologie, la
palatalisation est d?clench?e par [coronal] et les traits contrastifs
sont ordonn?s de telle fa?on que les traits [bas] et [labial] sont
assign?s avant [coronal]. Dans un inventaire de trois voyelles, seuls
les traits [bas] et [labial] sont contrastifs, tandis que dans un
inventaire de quatre voyelles, [coronal] doit aussi ?tre contrastif
pour distinguer les i forts des i faibles. Il r?sulte de ces
hypoth?ses que [i] ne peut d?clencher la palatalisation que s?il est
en contraste avec une quatri?me voyelle.
The OCP as a synchronic constraint in
Eiman Mustafawi<http://muse.jhu.edu/search/results?action=search&searchtype=author&section1=author&search1=%22Mustafawi%2C%20Eiman.%22>

This paper provides evidence for the activity of the Obligatory
Contour Principle (OCP) as a constraint on dynamic alternations in the
synchronic grammar of Qatari Arabic. It shows that the OCP is subject
to proximity and to a gradient similarity effect. In Qatari Arabic,
there are two variable phonological alternations that interact with
the OCP, affrication and lenition. The velar stops /[inline-graphic
01i]/ and /k/ affricate to [?] and [?], respectively, when adjacent to
[i(:)]. However, affrication is blocked when the outcome includes a
sequence of segments that are highly similar. Lenition applies
variably to the phoneme /?/, which surfaces as [?] or [j]. Usually,
the probability of lenition applying to its eligible candidates is
around the level of chance. The process, however, applies
categorically when a violation of the OCP would otherwise be incurred.
The data are analyzed within the framework of Optimality Theory.

Cet article pr?sente des preuves de l?activit? du Principe du contour
obligatoire (PCO) comme contrainte sur les alternances dynamiques dans
la grammaire synchronique de l?arabe qatari. L?article montre que le
PCO est sujet ? la proximit? et ? un effet variable de similarit?.
Dans l?arabe qatari, il y a deux alternances phonologiques variables
qui interagissent avec le PCO : l?affrication et la l?nition. Les
occlusives v?laires /[inline-graphic 01i]/ et /k/ subissent
l?affrication devenant [?] and [?] respectivement lorsqu?elles sont
adjacentes ? [i(:)]. Cependant, l?affrication est bloqu?e lorsque le
r?sultat comporte une s?quence de segments tr?s similaires. La
l?nition s?applique de mani?re variable au phon?me /?/, donnant [?] ou
[j]. D?habitude la probabilit? que la l?nition s?applique aux
candidats susceptibles de subir la l?nition est au niveau du hasard.
Le processus, cependant, s?applique de mani?re cat?gorique dans le cas
o? une violation du PCO en r?sulterait. Les donn?es sont analys?es
dans le cadre de la Th?orie de l?Optimalit?.
This sentence sucks to analyse: Are suck, bite, blow, and work
Carolyn Pytlyk<http://muse.jhu.edu/search/results?action=search&searchtype=author&section1=author&search1=%22Pytlyk%2C%20Carolyn.%22>

This paper investigates tough-predicates and whether four verbs (suck,
bite, blow, and work) can function as this type of predicate. The
theoretical analysis uses two syntactic and two semantic properties of
prototypical tough-predicates to determine the status of the
tough-verb candidates. Syntactically, tough-predicates select a
to-infinitival complement and require a referential dependency between
the matrix subject and the object gap in the complement clause.
Semantically, the matrix subject must possess an inherent or permanent
property and tough-predicates assign an ?experiencer? role. From these
four diagnostic properties, the analysis concludes that suck, bite,
and blow are indeed tough-verbs, while the conclusions concerning work
are less definitive. To complement the conclusions of the theoretical
analysis, native speaker judgements were collected from 22 Canadian
English speakers. The results show that for a majority of the
consultants, suck, bite, and blow can function as tough-predicates.
The behaviour of these verbs suggests that suck, bite, and blow (and
possibly work) should be added to the small list of known tough-verbs.

Cet article ?tudie les pr?dicats tough ainsi que la question de savoir
si quatre verbes (suck, bite, blow et work) peuvent fonctionner comme
pr?dicats tough. L?analyse th?orique se sert de deux propri?t?s
syntaxiques et de deux propri?t?s s?mantiques de pr?dicats tough
prototypiques pour d?terminer le statut de ces quatre verbes tough. En
ce qui touche ? la syntaxe, les pr?dicats tough s?lectionnent un
compl?ment toinfinitif et requi?rent une d?pendance r?f?rentielle
entre le sujet matrice et le vide du compl?ment dans la subordonn?e
compl?tive. En ce qui a trait ? la s?mantique, le sujet matrice doit
poss?der une propri?t? inh?rente ou permanente, et les pr?dicats tough
doivent attribuer un r?le d??exp?rienceur?. En fonction de ces quatre
propri?t?s diagnostiques, l?analyse arrive ? la conclusion que suck,
bite et blow sont en effet des verbes tough, alors que les conclusions
? l??gard de work sont moins probantes. Dans le but de compl?ter les
conclusions de l?analyse th?orique, des jugements de 22 Canadiens de
langue maternelle anglaise ont ?t? cueillis. Les r?sultats montrent
que pour la majorit? des consultants, suck, bite et blow peuvent
fonctionner comme des pr?dicats tough. Le comportement de ces verbes
sugg?re que suck, bite et blow (et peut-?tre work) devraient s?ajouter
? la courte liste de verbes tough connus.
On the Movement Theory of Obligatory Control: Voices from Standard
Yosuke Sato<http://muse.jhu.edu/search/results?action=search&searchtype=author&section1=author&search1=%22Sato%2C%20Yosuke%2C%201978-%22>
Reviews/Comptes Rendus
The English language in Canada: Status, history and comparative
analysis (review)<http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/canadian_journal_of_linguistics/summary/v056/56.2.brock.html>
Beau Brock<http://muse.jhu.edu/search/results?action=search&searchtype=author&section1=author&search1=%22Brock%2C%20Beau.%22>
Variation in linguistic systems
Anne Marie Devlin<http://muse.jhu.edu/search/results?action=search&searchtype=author&section1=author&search1=%22Devlin%2C%20Anne%20Marie.%22>
Language in the brain
Zahir Mumin<http://muse.jhu.edu/search/results?action=search&searchtype=author&section1=author&search1=%22Mumin%2C%20Zahir.%22>
Uttering trees (review)<http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/canadian_journal_of_linguistics/summary/v056/56.2.sato.html>
Yosuke Sato<http://muse.jhu.edu/search/results?action=search&searchtype=author&section1=author&search1=%22Sato%2C%20Yosuke%2C%201978-%22>
Books Received/Livres Re?us
Books Received/Livres
The Canadian Journal of Linguistics publishes articles of original
research in linguistics in both English and French. The articles deal
with linguistic theory, linguistic description of English, French and
a variety of other natural languages, phonetics, phonology,
morphology, syntax, semantics, historical linguistics,
sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, first and second language
acquisition, and other areas of interest to linguists.
For more information, please contact:
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Toronto, ON
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E-mail: journals at utpress.utoronto.ca<mailto:journals at utpress.utoronto.ca>
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End of Edling Digest, Vol 47, Issue 2


 Harold F. Schiffman

Professor Emeritus of
 Dravidian Linguistics and Culture
Dept. of South Asia Studies
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6305

Phone:  (215) 898-7475
Fax:  (215) 573-2138

Email:  haroldfs at gmail.com


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