[lg policy] bibitem: Language Policy In East Africa

Harold Schiffman hfsclpp at GMAIL.COM
Mon Jan 9 16:25:42 UTC 2012

Language Policy In East Africa
Autor:  Stella  02 January 2012

Table of contents

1.0 Introduction

2.0 Language planning

2.1 Definition

2.2 Stages of language planning

3.0 Language policy

3.1 Definition

3.2 Types of language policies

3.3 Language policy in east Africa

4.0 Conclusion

5.0 Reference

1.0 Introduction

This paper seeks to provide to language teachers, applied linguists
(sociolinguists) and students of sociolinguistics with an accessible
overview of language planning, language policy and their relationship
with education. Most languages (English in this case) are growing in
importance as international models of communication especially in the
fields of commerce science and technology. English as a national
language in countries where it functions as a second language is
undergoing changes associated with growing feelings of nationalism.
Varieties of English are developing in sub- continents (Indian
English) and nations (Nigerian English) which may be far removed from
traditional definitions of Standard English, Pidgin English in Papua
New Guinea being an example.

Kiswahili as well records varieties as the regions where it is spoken
do not exhibit the similarity in phonology. That is why it is said
that the coastal Kiswahili of Kenya varies quite significantly with
the Kiswahili spoken in Nairobi and the up country.

The developing varieties are being considered or have been adopted as
media for education together with indigenous mother tongue vernacular
whose speakers are demanding more recognition for their languages.
These language developments are a reflection of socioeconomic and
political upheavals apparent particularly in developing world as
countries strive for modernization and westernization at the same time
wishing to preserve their own culture.

This term paper therefore strives at focusing on attempts of various
nations especially the east African countries to regulate the use of
languages through language planning and language policy.

2.0 Language planning

2.1 Definition

Language planning is a deliberate language change, this is changes in
the systems of a language code or speaking or both that are planned by
organizations established for such purposes the article developed by
cooper and emphasized by Rubin states that language planning must take
place in asocial context and that to ignore sociolinguistics factors
such as attitude or needs of groups who will be affected could lead to
the failure of language planning program. Cooper suggests that, since
one ...

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